ZIMBABWE DRAFT CONSTITUTION PDF
Supremacy of Constitution. 3. Founding values and principles. 4. National Flag, National Anthem, Public Seal and Coat of Arms. 5. Tiers of government. 6. This Act may be cited as the Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment (No) Act, “existing Constitution" means the Constitution of Zimbabwe that came into. The Final Draft of the Constitution of Zimbabwe. Download PDF. The Parliamentary Select Committee (COPAC) produced its final draft Constitution for the.
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Kariba Draft Constitution. BILL. To provide for a new Constitution for Zimbabwe and to provide for related matters. PREAMBLE. Acknowledging the supremacy of . driving the process of producing a new constitution for Zimbabwe. The Draft Constitution was produced with the assistance of the following. AND ZIMBABWE'S DRAFT CONSTITUTION. Derek Matyszak, Rau, Harare. February PART 1. Introduction. There are two basic and contrary models for.
National unity, peace and stability[ edit ] All organs and agencies of the State and Government, including local government, and all the people of Zimbabwe, must promote national unity, peace and stability.
Democratic principles[ edit ] The State is based on democratic principles which empower and encourage the active participation of all citizens at all levels of government. Subject to this Constitution, all the people of Zimbabwe should have access to leadership positions at all levels of government.
Institutions of Government should be broad-based and national in character. The policies of the State must be guided by the principle of devolution of governmental functions and responsibilities, and the provision of the necessary resources, to the people at appropriate levels.
Rule of law[ edit ] All organs and agencies of the State and Government, including local government, and all persons must observe and uphold this Constitution and the rule of law, and no institution or person stands above the law. Part II National Objectives[ edit ] Objectives to guide all organs and agencies of State and Government[ edit ] The objectives set out in this Part guide all organs and agencies of the State and Government, including local government, in taking and implementing policy decisions that will lead to the establishment and promotion of a just, free and democratic society in which people can enjoy prosperous and fulfilled lives.
Nature of objectives[ edit ] The objectives set out in this Part are directory in nature. Good governance The State must adopt and implement policies and legislation to develop accountability, openness, personal integrity and financial probity in the Government and all public institutions. In particular, measures must be taken to expose, combat and eradicate corruption and abuse of power by those holding political and other public offices.
The State must ensure that all Commissions and other bodies established by or under this Constitution are provided with adequate resources and facilities to enable them to carry out their functions effectively and efficiently as envisaged by this Constitution.
Measures referred to in this section must, where practicable, involve the people in the formulation and implementation of development plans and programmes that affect them.
Measures referred to in this section must protect and enhance the right of the people to equal opportunities in development.
The State must ensure that, where appropriate and practicable, the people of an area benefit from the resources in that area. Environment The State must take appropriate measures, within the resources available to it, to provide the people of Zimbabwe with a clean, safe and healthy environment.
The State must promote ecologically sustainable development and the management of natural resources in a balanced manner for the benefit of present and future generations. The State must promote the creation, preservation and development of parks, nature reserves and recreation areas.
The State must promote regional and pan-African cultural, economic and political co-operation and integration and must participate in international and regional organisations that stand for peace and the well-being and progress of the region, the continent and humanity. The State must promote full participation of women in all spheres of Zimbabwean society on the basis of equality with men. The State must take all practical measures to ensure that women have access to land and other resources on the basis of equality with men.
Elderly Persons The State and society must take reasonable measures to secure respect, support and protection for elderly persons and to encourage their participation in the life of the community. Persons with disabilities The State and society must recognise the right of persons with physical, mental or other disabilities to be treated with respect for their dignity as human beings.
The State must endeavour, within the resources available to it, to assist persons with physical, mental or other disabilities to achieve their full potential and to minimise the disadvantages suffered by them. Work and labour relations The State must adopt reasonable policies and measures, within the resources available to it, to provide everyone with an opportunity to work in a freely chosen activity, in order to secure a decent living for themselves and their families.
Protection of the family The State must protect and foster the institution of the family as the natural and basic unit of society. Education The State must take all practical measures to promote free and compulsory basic education for children. Shelter The State must take reasonable legislative and other measures, within the resources available to it, to enable everyone to have access to adequate shelter.
Health services The State must take all practical measures to ensure the provision of basic, accessible and adequate health services to the population.
The State must take appropriate measures to ensure that no one is refused emergency medical treatment at any health institution. Social welfare The State must take all practical measures, within the limits of the resources available to it, to provide social security and social care to those who are in need of it, in particular war veterans, as may be specified in an Act of Parliament.
Legal aid The State must take all practical measures, within the limits of the resources available to it, to provide legal representation in civil and criminal cases for people who need it and are unable to afford legal practitioners of their choice.
Fundamental Human Rights and Freedoms[ edit ] Part I Preliminary Duty to respect fundamental human rights[ edit ] All persons, including juristic persons and all organs and agencies of the State and Government, including local government, must respect, protect, promote and fulfil the rights and freedoms set out in this Chapter. This Chapter binds human beings and juristic persons to the extent that it is applicable to them, taking into account the right or freedom concerned and any duty imposed by it.
Human beings and juristic persons are entitled to the rights and freedoms set out in this Chapter to the extent that those rights and freedoms can appropriately be extended to them.
Pindula News has simple summaries of latest Zimbabwe news made easy to read. This law firm is located in Harare, Zimbabwe we provide legal and advisory services to various individuals, families, small to medium enterprises, municipalities and public listed companies and other institutions. The Constitution's effective date is 22nd August Intra-party decision making is generally governed by a party constitution, so the transparency of these decisions requires that people have ready access to copies of the constitution.
In terms of the new legislation, public entities are responsible for their own procurement where the value of the construction works, consultancy and non-consultancy services are below a specified threshold. Clause 2 defines some of the terms used in the Bill and these are self-explanatory. Like a national election, all participants need to know the rules of the game, Recent Developments in Zimbabwe: Prospects for Elections Elections used to be held every five years.
The Constitution of Zimbabwe is officially the supreme law of Zimbabwe.
The Zimbabwe health delivery system is built on the constitutional right to health care in Section 76, sub-section , of the Zimbabwe Constitution, which states that: Every citizen and permanent resident of Zimbabwe has the right to have access to basic health care services, including reproductive health The Constitution of Zimbabwe is the supreme law of the Republic of Zimbabwe.
Consequently, as a result of the announcement of the Election day as 30 July , any amendments to the Electoral Act that happen after the proclamation do not apply to the elections, but other future elections. Mnangagwa confirmed that elections will take place as scheduled, by August , but did not address the issue of meaningful security sector, The Office of the President and Cabinet OPC is the lead Office in the Government of Zimbabwe.
Although section 1 h of the Constitution of Zimbabwe requires all tiers of government including ZEC to foster transparency by providing the public with timely, accessible and accurate information, this is not reflected in the Electoral Act and ZEC has not been transparent about many issues.
Proposed Constitution of Zimbabwe
According to Susan Booysen and Lucien Toulou , : In the past, Zimbabwe was always referred to as one of the very few countries in Southern Africa that still used a multiplicity of institutions to oversee the electoral process.
Coming to official languages, sign language has been captured as one of the official languages of Zimbabwe. Like a national election, all participants need to know the rules of the game, The Constitution provided that all international conventions to which Zimbabwe was party were incorporated into domestic law.
The Lancaster House Constitution of December became Zimbabwe's constitution when the country became independent from Britain in Despite this clear position, government has been reluctant to institute meaningful changes to deal with inconsistencies, which currently exist in laws, which affect the media environment in Zimbabwe. Needs More Information.
Constitution Amendment No. Constitutional Court of Zimbabwe. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. Zimbabwe's latest constitution was voted for in and approved in a referendum of 16 March During the military takeover, the army arrested and detained a number of Mugabe's associates without providing information about the arrest, or places and conditions of detention.
The independence constitution of was the result of the Lancaster House Agreement and is sometimes called the Lancaster Constitution. It is a Westminster-type document designed to promote multi-party democracy.
Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment No. The Constitution of Zimbabwe reinforced the administrative and financial autonomy of local governments, but the fiscal space has not kept pace with service delivery needs. In more detail, the Bill provides as follows: Part 1: Preliminary This Part deals with preliminary matters. Before the current constitution, Zimbabwe used the a constitution negotiated at the Lancaster House Agreement as Zimbabwe became independent of the United Kingdom after This Act may be cited as the Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment No.
Proposed Constitution of Zimbabwe
It has the power to make the final decision on the constitutionality of an act of Parliament. All articles are verified before publishing to ensure high quality and trustworthy content. Overall, it establishes a unitary state; recognizes socio-economic rights; calls for parity between men and women in political participation; limits the presidential term of office to two five-year mandates and establishes a constitutional court.
May 27, by Zimbabwean Progressive in Overally, this proposed draft constitution is better than the current constitution of Zimbabwe. The opposition will therefore be at a disadvantage again.
According to Section 93 1 of the constitution policing can be seen as a means in the protection of human rights especially civil and political rights and by its contribution to the maintenance of social order.
Of significance is Preamble.
It is the view of many that if the new Constitution was implemented in full and in the spirit in which it was drafted, then 70 per cent of our problems would be addressed. PDF generated: 27 Jul , Constitution of Zimbabwe. Last November the sitting President of Zimbabwe was removed, due to a military intervention by the Zimbabwe Defence Forces, and replaced by a new President to popular acclamation.Elections used to be held every five years.
Environment The State must take appropriate measures, within the resources available to it, to provide the people of Zimbabwe with a clean, safe and healthy environment.
I will uphold and protect the Constitution and will administer justice to all persons alike without fear, favour or prejudice in accordance with the Constitution and the law. The Legislature's power to make laws is exercised by Bills passed by the National Assembly and the Senate and assented to by the President.
Retrieved from " https: Constitutional documents , Zimbabwe. All persons, including juristic persons and all organs and agencies of the State and Government, including local government, must respect, protect, promote and fulfil the rights and freedoms set out in this Chapter.
The constitution of Zimbabwe provides for amongst other things, the provision of social protection to selected population groups. An Act of Parliament must provide for the establishment, composition and jurisdiction of Customary-law Courts, that is to say, courts whose jurisdiction consists primarily in the application of customary law.