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Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves. 1. Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves. The story. Ali Baba, a poor woodcutter, had a rich brother, Kasim, who never shared any of his . ALI BABA AND THE FORTY THIEVES from the Thousand and One Nights. Illustrated by Vladimir Tamari. Retold by Lakudha Cobuni English Version by Keith. 1. Ali Baba And The Forty Thieves. Once upon a time in a distant Persian city lived two brothers called Ali Baba and Kasim. Ali Baba was terribly poor, and he.

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Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. IN CREATING THE STORY OF ALI BABA, AUTHOR. MARIE P. CROALL WORKED FROM ARABIAN NIGHTS. VOLUME I: THE MARVELS AND WONDERS OF. Though this version of the story is titled, The History of Ali Baba, and of the Forty Robbers Killed by One Slave, we chose to use the shorter and more familiar title, .

Qasim aks Ali Baba where the gold came from, and Ali Baba tells him. Ali Baba shares the gold he has with his brother but Qasim is greedy. He goes to the cave, says, Open Sesame! Unfortunately, when he is ready to leave, he cannot remember the magic words.

He is stuck in the cave when the robbers return. The thieves kill Qasim, but they also want to take revenge on Ali Baba. They make several attempts, but in each case their nefarious plans are foiled by Ali Baba s clever servant girl, Morgiana.

In the end, Ali Baba marries Morgiana off to his son or, in some retellings, his nephew and everyone who is still alive lives happily ever after.

Ali Baba steals from the thieves or, if it is not possible to steal something that has already been stolen, he at least does not make any attempt to restore the property to its rightful owners. His wife wants to measure the gold so that she will know exactly how much there is, even though she has no practical reason to do so.

Qasims wife is motivated by greed to find out what Ali Babas wife is measuring. Qasim is not satisfied with what his brother shares with him, but is led by his greed into danger. The thieves clearly have enough treasure for their own needs, and yet are angry enough about Ali Babas small reduction of their treasure that they are willing to go to a lot of trouble to exact revenge on him.

Use the story as a writing prompt for student essays on greed. Summary Ali Baba, a poor woodcutter, happens to see and overhear a large band of thieves - forty in all - visiting their treasure store in the forest where he is cutting wood. When he had passed in and out as often as he wished, he stood before the door, and pronouncing the words, "Shut, Sesame!

He then made the best of his way to town. When Ali Baba got home he drove his asses into a little yard, shut the gates very carefully, threw off the wood that covered the panniers, carried the bags into his house, and ranged them in order before his wife. He then emptied the bags, which raised such a great heap of gold as dazzled his wife's eyes, and then he told her the whole adventure from beginning to end, and, above all, recommended her to keep it secret.

The wife rejoiced greatly at their good fortune, and would count all the gold piece by piece. I will dig a hole, and bury it. There is no time to be lost.

I will borrow a small measure, and measure it, while you dig the hole. Her sister-in-law asked her whether she would have a great or a small one.

Ali Baba and the forty thieves

The other asked for a small one. She bade her stay a little, and she would readily fetch one. The sister-in-law did so, but as she knew Ali Baba's poverty, she was curious to know what sort of grain his wife wanted to measure, and artfully putting some suet at the bottom of the measure, brought it to her, with an excuse that she was sorry that she had made her stay so long, but that she could not find it sooner. Ali Baba's wife went home, set the measure upon the heap of gold, filled it, and emptied it often upon the sofa, till she had done, when she was very well satisfied to find the number of measures amounted to so many as they did, and went to tell her husband, who had almost finished digging the hole.

When Ali Baba was burying the gold, his wife, to show her exactness and diligence to her sister-in-law, carried the measure back again, but without taking notice that a piece of gold had stuck to the bottom. I am obliged to you for it, and return it with thanks. Envy immediately possessed her breast. Whence has he all this wealth? When he came home his wife said to him, "Cassim, I know you think yourself rich, but Ali Baba is infinitely richer than you.

He does not count his money, but measures it.

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Cassim, after he had married the rich widow, had never treated Ali Baba as a brother, but neglected him; and now, instead of being pleased, he conceived a base envy at his brother's prosperity. He could not sleep all that night, and went to him in the morning before sunrise. You pretend to be miserably poor, and yet you measure gold. My wife found this at the bottom of the measure you borrowed yesterday.

Therefore, without showing the least surprise or trouble, he confessed all, and offered his brother part of his treasure to keep the secret.

Otherwise I will go and inform against you, and then you will not only get no more, but will lose all you have, and I shall have a share for my information. Cassim rose the next morning long before the sun, and set out for the forest with ten mules bearing great chests, which he designed to fill, and followed the road which Ali Baba had pointed out to him.

He was not long before he reached the rock, and found out the place, by the tree and other marks which his brother had given him.

When he reached the entrance of the cavern, he pronounced the words, "Open, Sesame! In examining the cave, he was in great admiration to find much more riches than he had expected from Ali Baba's relation. He quickly laid as many bags of gold as he could carry at the door of the cavern; but his thoughts were so full of the great riches he should possess that he could not think of the necessary word to make it open, but instead of "Sesame," said, "Open, Barley!

He named several sorts of grain, but still the door would not open. Cassim had never expected such an incident, and was so alarmed at the danger he was in, that the more he endeavored to remember the word "Sesame," the more his memory was confounded, and he had as much forgotten it as if he had never heard it mentioned. He threw down the bags he had loaded himself with, and walked distractedly up and down the cave, without having the least regard to the riches that were around him.

About noon the robbers visited their cave. At some distance they saw Cassim's mules straggling about the rock, with great chests on their backs. Alarmed at this, they galloped full speed to the cave.

They drove away the mules, who strayed through the forest so far that they were soon out of sight, and went directly, with their naked sabers in their hands, to the door, which, on their captain pronouncing the proper words, immediately opened. Cassim, who heard the noise of the horses' feet, at once guessed the arrival of the robbers, and resolved to make one effort for his life.

He rushed to the door, and no sooner saw the door open, than he ran out and threw the leader down, but could not escape the other robbers, who with their scimitars soon deprived him of life.

Alibaba and the Forty Thieves

The first care of the robbers after this was to examine the cave. They found all the bags which Cassim had brought to the door, to be ready to load his mules, and carried them again to their places, but they did not miss what Ali Baba had taken away before.

Then holding a council, and deliberating upon this occurrence, they guessed that Cassim, when he was in, could not get out again, but could not imagine how he had learned the secret words by which alone he could enter. They could not deny the fact of his being there; and to terrify any person or accomplice who should attempt the same thing, they agreed to cut Cassim's body into four quarters—to hang two on one side, and two on the other, within the door of the cave.

They had no sooner taken this resolution than they put it in execution; and when they had nothing more to detain them, left the place of their hoards well closed. They mounted their horses, went to beat the roads again, and to attack the caravans they might meet. In the meantime, Cassim's wife was very uneasy when night came, and her husband was not returned. She ran to Ali Baba in great alarm, and said, "I believe, brother-in-law, that you know Cassim is gone to the forest, and upon what account.

It is now night, and he has not returned. I am afraid some misfortune has happened to him. Cassim's wife, considering how much it concerned her husband to keep the business secret, was the more easily persuaded to believe her brother-in-law.

She went home again, and waited patiently till midnight. Then her fear redoubled, and her grief was the more sensible because she was forced to keep it to herself. She repented of her foolish curiosity, and cursed her desire of prying into the affairs of her brother and sister-in-law. She spent all the night in weeping; and as soon as it was day went to them, telling them, by her tears, the cause of her coming.

Ali Baba did not wait for his sister-in-law to desire him to go to see what was become of Cassim, but departed immediately with his three asses, begging of her first to moderate her grief.

He went to the forest, and when he came near the rock, having seen neither his brother nor his mules on his way, was seriously alarmed at finding some blood spilt near the door, which he took for an ill omen; but when he had pronounced the word, and the door had opened, he was struck with horror at the dismal sight of his brother's body. He was not long in determining how he should pay the last dues to his brother; but without adverting to the little fraternal affection he had shown for him, went into the cave, to find something to enshroud his remains.

Having loaded one of his asses with them, he covered them over with wood. The other two asses he loaded with bags of gold, covering them with wood also as before; and then, bidding the door shut, he came away; but was so cautious as to stop some time at the end of the forest, that he might not go into the town before night. When he came home he drove the two asses loaded with gold into his little yard, and left the care of unloading them to his wife, while he led the other to his sister-in-law's house.

Ali Baba knocked at the door, which was opened by Morgiana, a clever, intelligent slave, who was fruitful in inventions to meet the most difficult circumstances. When he came into the court he unloaded the ass, and taking Morgiana aside, said to her, "You must observe an inviolable secrecy.

Your master's body is contained in these two panniers.

We must bury him as if he had died a natural death. Go now and tell your mistress. I leave the matter to your wit and skillful devices.

Morgiana went out early the next morning to a druggist and asked for a sort of lozenge which was considered efficacious in the most dangerous disorders.

The apothecary inquired who was ill. She replied, with a sigh, her good master Cassim himself; and that he could neither eat nor speak. In the evening Morgiana went to the same druggist again, and with tears in her eyes, asked for an essence which they used to give to sick people only when in the last extremity. The next morning at daybreak, Morgiana went to an old cobbler whom she knew to be always ready at his stall, and bidding him good morrow, put a piece of gold into his hand, saying, "Baba Mustapha, you must bring with you your sewing tackle, and come with me; but I must tell you, I shall blindfold you when you come to such a place.

Only come along with me, and fear nothing. Morgiana, on her return, warmed some water to wash the body, and at the same time Ali Baba perfumed it with incense, and wrapped it in the burying clothes with the accustomed ceremonies. Not long after the proper officer brought the bier, and when the attendants of the mosque, whose business it was to wash the dead, offered to perform their duty, she told them it was done already.

Shortly after this the imaun and the other ministers of the mosque arrived. Four neighbors carried the corpse to the burying-ground, following the imaun, who recited some prayers. Ali Baba came after with some neighbors, who often relieved the others in carrying the bier to the burying-ground.

Morgiana, a slave to the deceased, followed in the procession, weeping, beating her breast, and tearing her hair. Cassim's wife stayed at home mourning, uttering lamentable cries with the women of the neighborhood, who came, according to custom, during the funeral, and joining their lamentations with hers filled the quarter far and near with sounds of sorrow.

Thanks to my silly brother, I have become the richest man in the world. And when he loaded the twenty four bags he was ready to go. But the rock did not obey. And, desperated, he started to pronounce the name of all the seeds he remembered: -Open, Barley!

Finally, completely scared he did not know what to do. Eventually, the rock was opened. But not by Kassim but by the forty thiefs who returned.

And when they saw Kassim, they cut his head off. And they went stealing after leaving the rock well closed. But Ali Baba was worried because Kassim did not return. Then he went searching him to the rock. But there was a problem: what will he say to the neighbours? If he told that Kassim had been killed by the thiefs, the secret wold be discovered and we know that it was not of his interest. And they went. The shoemaker sew the head of the old man joining it all of this blindfolded.

Finally he returned home accompanied by Light of Night and there he took of his blindfold.

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And she went happy because with her plan, everything was solved. So, when the neighbours were informed that Kassim had died, nobody suspected anything. And that was what happened with Kassim, the lazy, the one with bad memory. But the thieves returned to the rock and they saw that Kassim was not there.

None of the thieves was quite clever, but the chief said. It means that the one who entered pronounced the secret words. Answered the chief. As it happens, it was the shoemaker that we already know.

And he show him a bag full of golden coins. When they blindfolded me, I had the sense of smell suddenly developed. So it was done.

With his nose, the shoemaker smelled everything. The thief 39 was behind him. Until they stopped in front of a house. I recognize it by the odour of the wood which comes from it. And the thief draw a cross in the door. Then, Thies and shoemaker went, each one his way. But Light of Night had seen all. Then she went out and marked the doors of all the houses with a cross as the one that the thief had made.

Then she went to sleep very calm. How many houses did you marked? The thief number 39 almost fainted but he did not have time because the chief, furious, cut his head off.Thus, a little bit of gold is stuck in the measuring cup when Ali Baba s wife returns it.

The robbers stayed some time within the rock, during which Ali Baba, fearful of being caught, remained in the tree. In two or three days' time the robbers had purchased the mules and jars, and as the mouths of the jars were rather too narrow for his purpose, the captain caused them to be widened, and after having put one of his men into each, with the weapons which he thought fit, leaving open the seam which had been undone to leave them room to breathe, he rubbed the jars on the outside with oil from the full vessel.

Next day she went to live with Ali Baba, who gave Cassim's shop to his eldest son. The first several times they are foiled by Morgiana, who is now a member of Ali Baba's household, but eventually they are able to ascertain the location of Ali Baba's house.

He went to the forest, and when he came near the rock, having seen neither his brother nor his mules on his way, was seriously alarmed at finding some blood spilt near the door, which he took for an ill omen; but when he had pronounced the word, and the door had opened, he was struck with horror at the dismal sight of his brother's body.

She made what haste she could to fill her oil pot, and returned into the kitchen, where, as soon as she had lighted her lamp, she took a great kettle, went again to the oil jar, filled the kettle, set it on a large wood fire, and as soon as it boiled, went and poured enough into every jar to stifle and destroy the robber within.

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