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QUALITY OF WORKLIFE.PDF

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PDF | This chapter, with its focus on quality of work life, briefly reviews the history of work–family research (note that this term from here on is used generically to. PDF | In the global competitive era Quality of Work Life of employees is important to attract and retain skilled and talented employees. A large. Quality of work life Movement initially a loosely organized network of a few dozen Improving the Quality of Work Life, barriers and Issues of QWL described.


Quality Of Worklife.pdf

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Quality of work life is a process in an organization which enables its Keywords: Quality of work life, job performance, employee satisfaction, job security. After reading this article you will learn about: 1. Introduction to Quality of Work Life (QWL) 2. Nature and Scope of Quality of Work Life 3. Importance 4. Problems . Quality of Work Life (QWL). Conceptual Framework of Quality of Work Life: Human beings are basically psychosomatic entities. They join organizations .

Sylvia and D. Google Scholar Loscocco, K.

Quality of Work Life: it’s Meaning and Definition | Employee Management

Google Scholar Lowe, G. Google Scholar Maslow, A. Google Scholar McClelland, D. Google Scholar McFarlin, D.

The Influence of Quality of Work Life on Work Performance

Google Scholar Menaghan, E. Google Scholar Mowday, R. Porter and R. Steers and L. Porter: , The measurement of organizational commitment, Journal of Vocational Behavior 14, pp. Google Scholar Nandan, S. Google Scholar Near, J.

Rice and R. Google Scholar O'Brien, G. Google Scholar Orpen, C.

Google Scholar Peter, J. Churchill Jr. Google Scholar Porter, L. Steers, R. Mowday and P. Google Scholar Qvale, T. Google Scholar Quinn, R. Google Scholar Rain, J. Lane and D.

Google Scholar Rice, R. Janet and R. Pierce, R. Moyer and D. Google Scholar Roberts, K. Google Scholar Ronen, S. Google Scholar Salancik, G. Google Scholar Schmitt, N.

Google Scholar Sheppard, H. Google Scholar Simmons, J.

Google Scholar Smith, P. Kendall and C. Google Scholar Staines, G. Google Scholar Steers, R. Google Scholar Steiner, D. Google Scholar Susman, G. Google Scholar Tait, M. Padgett and T. Studies on behavioral aspects seem to be inadequate. So, the attempts must to understand the human side of the enterprise.

The Quality of work life movement provides a value frame work and a philosophy which has a long term implication for the human development and enrichment. It tries to balance both the work and family life. Hence integrated approach with regard to Quality of work life is required for the success of an individual and an organization.

LIST OF TABLES S.No

This underlines the necessity of searching studies on the nature of human relations and the problems of human relations and the problems of human behavior in the organization and suggests measures to cope with the problems. Hence, an in depth on aspects like Quality of work life can throw light on many non-identified aspects of human behavior which may help in understanding the issues involved and improving the overall performance of these organizations.

There it is found that there is need to study in greater detail about the topic Need of the study: In the current scenario every organization expects their employees to perform at their peak potential.

Though monetary aspects play an important role in motivating employees, organization around the world have come to understand that there are many other aspects that contributes better employee performance. It is these aspects that form the basis for this study. In particular this study aims to identify the various tangible and intangible aspects that contribute to the quality of the workplace. It is very important for an organization to create a very conducive working environment for employees.

This study is needed to ensure that all employees are performing at their peak potential, free from stress and strain, and to ensure all their needs are fully satisfied. This study will be used as feedback from employees to know their current perspective of workplace and also to identify the areas of improvement for the organization.

Scope of the study: The term Quality of work life in its broader sense covers various aspects of employment and non-employment conditions of work.

This study covers the overall quality of work life of employees, i. The present study aims at measuring the level of satisfaction of employees and to know about the various welfare activities and benefits provided for the employees. The study is dependent on the opinion expressed by all the employees of all the departments.

Quality of work life is a multi dimensional aspect. Thus the quality of work life should be broad in its scope. It must evaluate the attitude of employees towards personnel policies. The research will be helpful in understanding the current position of the organization.

And provide some strategies to extend the employee satisfaction with little modification which is based on the internal facilities of the organization. The research can be further used to evaluate the facilities provided by the management towards the employee.

This study also helps to manipulate the expectations of the employees. Selected models are reviewed below. No: , Year: , Author: Hackman, J. R In this journal, author suggested that the psychological growth needs are relevant to the consideration of Quality of working life. They suggested that such needs have to be addressed if employees are to experience high quality of working life. Journal Name: Occupational Psychology, 52 Title: - Scales for the measurement of some work attitudes and aspects of psychological well being P.

No: Year Author: Warr. P, Cook. J and Wall. T In an investigation of Quality of working life, the author suggested a range of apparently relevant factors, including work involvement, intrinsic job motivation, higher order need strength, perceived intrinsic job characteristics, job satisfaction, life satisfaction, happiness. They discussed a range of correlations derived from their work, such as those between work involvement and job satisfaction, intrinsic job motivation and job satisfaction, and perceived intrinsic job characteristics and job satisfaction 3.

No: Year: Author: Mirvis, P. In this journal the author suggested that Quality of working life was associated with satisfaction with wages, hours and working conditions, describing the basic elements of a good quality of work life as; safe work environment, equitable wages, equal employment opportunities and opportunities for advancement.

Journal Name: Organizational Behavior, 12 Title: - Routinization of job context and job content as related to employees' quality of working life P.

Year: Author: Baba V. Baba and Jamal also explored routinisation of job content, suggesting that this facet should be investigated as part of the concept of quality of working life 5 Journal Name: Journal of Management, 25 Title: - Health and well-being in the workplace: A review and synthesis of the literature P. Book name: Social Indicators Research, 55 Title: - A new measure of quality of work life based on need satisfaction theories P. Year: Author: Sirgy, M. They defined quality of working life as satisfaction of these key needs through resources, activities, and outcomes stemming from participation in the workplace.

These attempts at defining quality of working life have included theoretical approaches, lists of identified factors, correlation analyses, with opinions varying as to whether such definitions and explanations can be both global, or need to be specific to each work setting. With effect from October 01, , a new Division namely Cuddalore Central Excise Division was carved out of the jurisdiction of Pondicherry division. Further with effect from , a new Commissionerate namely Pondicherry was formed and Cuddalore Division was attached to Pondicherry Commissionerate.

Trichy Central Excise Commisionerate was inaugurated on The Staff Associations had been urging for the construction of the residential accomodation. As one of the staff welfare measures, this Commissionerate purchased land measuring 4.

The area is situated 4 Kms. The said area is a fast developing one in the City. For the development of site and services , the provision viz. Street lights in and around the complex, Pump House, Sewage Plant, Internal roads and path, filtered water distribution lines, unfiltered water supply distribution lines, storm water drain and Horticulture operations have been made.

Kendriya Bhandar, Trichy for running General Stores. A sentry room has been constructed and round-the-clock Security System is provided for the safety of the building as well as property of the residents. A Service Association has also been formed to look after the welfare of the residents. Efforts to improve the services and facilities are still being continued. Meaningfulness of job, optimism on security. However there is no general contextual factors of setting, all have study on QWL at technical institutions a profound effect on how staff views the considering nine important components of quality of wo rk life Cavry et al.

This research emp loyees, concerning workplace decision, has made an effort to fill the research gap conflicts and problem resolving. QW L is with the help of p roposed research model.

For the current research, based on the literature review and brainstorming with 2. They are Work environment, Train ing and development is a organizational Organization culture and climate, Relat ion activity aimed at bettering the performance and co-operation, Training and development, of individual and groups. QWL enables the Co mpensation and Rewards, Facilit ies, Job emp loyees at each hierarchy to actively satisfaction and Job security, Autonomy of participate in build ing the organization work, Adequacy of resources.

This process is based on two goals 1 To imp rove Work environment is a place in which one organizational efficiency and 2 To improve works. It is a social and professional the quality of working life Skrovan, QWL fo r academicians is Co mpensation and rewards are motivational an attitudinal response to the prevailing work factors, the best performer is given the environment and posited five work rewards, and this builds competition among environment domains that include role the employees to work hard and achieve both stress, job characteristics, supervisory, organizational and individual goals.

This results in the physical and emotional needs of the emp loyee dissatisfaction and lower QW L. Many employers have found it Adequacy of resources has to do with beneficial to allo w alternate work availability of sufficient time and equipment, arrangements for their emp loyees. This is adequate information and help to complete one way to improve emp loyee productivity assignments Chelte, The advantages of these Literatures reviewed have shown that QWL alternate work arrangements extended to the is a multid imensional constructs, these emp loyee include flexib le work hours, constructs have to be consider during the job shorter or no commute, and a co mfortable design process.

The literature would also working environ ment. In the Job satisfaction is the favourableness or un view o f the review of literature, in Indian favourableness with which employees view context have limited literature and studies on their work.

Like motivation, it is affected by QWL especially in the technical institution. Objectives of the study Job security is another factor that is of concern to employees. Permanent Technical institutions in India are currently emp loyment provides security to the facing the challenges of increased emp loyees and improves their QW L. In such Environment, labour Emp loyees that have secured jobs and pay retention is very important factor for would feel co mfo rtable at the work p lace and competition and survival.

In this context, this affects their quality of life Drobnic and appropriate Quality of work life is one of the Prag, This study aims at exp loring the perception of 2. In autonomous work groups, employees are given the freedom of decision making, 4. Methodology workers themselves plan, co ordinate and control work related activities.

If the This study attempts to explain the various organization provides the appropriate characteristics related to QWL, QW L in authority to design work activities to the teaching environment and to find out individual emp loyees, then it is highly association between the selected variables possible that the work activities can match and dimensions of QWL. The researcher used random emp irically chosen cut-off scores, Likert, sampling method to select a sample of In this research overall mean 3.

The research methodology will considered as a cut off score. Above the make use of quantitative approach to identify overall mean is considered as satisfied and the perception of emp loyees towards quality below the overall mean is considered as of work life. The instrument used was a set dissatisfied.

All in all there are 50 items in each set of the Table 2. Quality of worklife of emp loyees questionnaire. The questionnaire focuses on Satisfied 53 Work environment, Organization culture and climate, Relat ion Unsatisfied 56 The collected data were analyzed by using In table 3 it is inferred that male emp loyees SPSS and various statistical tests were are more satisfied than the female emp loyees applied based on hypotheses and matching with the present quality of worklife in variables Chi-square Test, correlation technical education institution.

Data analysis and interpretation 5. The resulting total score may be interpreted normatively, with reference to some comparison group, or Table 3. To find out the association of QWL of teaching and non teaching staffs F test was conducted, it indicates that there is a significant difference between teaching and non teaching staffs in a technical institution.

There is significant association between Figure 1. F-Test Two-Sample for Variances Fro m the study it is identified that the non F-Test Two-Sample for Variances teaching staffs are more satisfied than the Non teaching staffs with the present quality of teaching Teaching worklife in technical institution. Also presented the values of Chi Square and their significance levels for Critical value is less than the calculated vale therefore Reject the the null hypothesis ie testing the association between Quality of worklife and demographic characteristics.

Table 4. Demographical factors and Quality of worklife 5.

Conference proceedings

Figure 2.The basic purpose is to develop jobs and working conditions that are excellent for employees as well as economic health of organization. Quality of work life is the quality of relationship between employees and total working environment.

Meaningfulness of job, optimism on security. Reyan G. Google Scholar Rain, J. The general approach includes all those factors affecting the physical, social, economic, psychological and cultural well-being of workers, while the organisational approach refers to the redesign and operation of organisations in accordance with the value of democratic society.

Mirvis, P. Employment has positive individual and social benefits beyond the financial rewards. They view their jobs as satisfying the needs of achievement and recognition.

DANTE from Massachusetts
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