OPERATIONS RESEARCH PANNEERSELVAM PDF
help the students with a book on Operations research. OPERATIONS RESEARCH, with other chapters to students, with a hope that it will. The online version of Journal of Nuclear Materials at ppti.info, the world s leading platform for high quality peer-reviewed full-text journals. Abstract. OPERATIONS RESEARCH. SECOND EDITION. R. PANNEERSELVAM. Professor and Head. Department of Management Studies. School of Management.
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Operations Research R. Panneerselvam ISBN Published by PHI Learning. Save for Later. Buy Used Price: Bookseller Inventory Ask Seller a Question. Bibliographic Details Title: Operations Research Publisher: PHI Learning Edition: Second Edition.
About this title Synopsis: New "About this title" may belong to another edition of this title. Store Description A one stop shop for books from India. If they need to work overtime or subcontract some work and so forth are the decisions of the plant managers and this process is also said the operation process.
In general managing this chain of communication in the program is known as the Operation management and it not only ends here. The idea of an operation in a management can be classified in three important process A.
Resource Inputs, B.
Transformation Processes and C. Output of goods and services. Going back management again is divided with many functional responsibilities, such as a Operations Management, b Design Management, c Demand Management and d Money management. The several definitions for the operation management all coming under one roof:- A.
Overall Business Activity — involves the whole business at large B. Primary Business Activity — focuses on the inside affairs of the business C. Functional area — the varies departments D. The transformation process — moving from resources to final output E.
Job Sequence elements — activities and task of the jobs. The duties that are handled by the management are simply mentioned in three major areas such as creating, improving and implementing. Each of this area when looked under a micro scope the operation management steps in to guide the management in carry out the said task or duties in general carrying out all these functions is where the operation management comes. Assuming the task of a simple job sequence running is running in a timely base, a the first ten days inspecting of work piece.
To ensure the smooth operations of this process is where the operation management comes in to manage the accomplishment of the above task.
In every organization there is this input and output factor, be it in a raw material manufacturing plant or even in a finish product manufacturing plant.
The only variations in the process are what the organization produces for the demand that exist or being created. Some demands can be created and some demand gets stronger over time.
The bottom line for both the sectors are the end users such to be known as customers. Say rice a raw material produced and harvested in the fields of a farmer. Even though the same grains that are produced from the farmer but by the time in comes into the market its branded, tagged and rated. Doing all this, value is being placed on the same grain. The value added on the grain is the end result of the product and how the demand for the product comes along with the price differentiation.
Basically when a product has gained good sales and the sales record plotted on the graph indicates a slow moving or fast moving tracks. When looking from the broad aspect customers must first be segregated into age groups and based on these concepts, which age group would gain more attention on the product. In some cases if the product is universal use for all ages such like eye wear or glasses. Such product, have to innovated so often in shape and texture only then it would stand up for competition, another example of foods such as Kentucky Fried chicken, in order to suit all ages the management will constantly upgrade newer product to hold customers.
The process of understand is by eliciting, documenting, organizing, and tracking changing requirements and communicating this information. The management needs to follow some procedures such:- 1. Manage the changes to requirements — Establish and use formal procedures of requirements and engineer it to ensure that issues are addressed and the appropriate specification and communication occurs.
Identify and track requirements attributes — This provides objective data for better decision making. Using data and information about customer satisfaction, engagement, and dissatisfaction to exceed their expectations and improve loyalty. Joseph Pine II, one of the pioneers of the mass customization concept, recently wrote an insightful article for HBR that bashed the notion that most organizations are customer-focused.
Customers want different offerings at different times under different circumstances. They just want exactly what they want. Doing only and exactly what each individual customer wants and doing exactly that. Customers like leadership managements and they will always fall for this quality first rather than the product, for example a hand-phone, if it is the leader in the market, it will continue to attract new customers.
It is the job of marketers to understand the needs of their customers. In doing so they can develop goods or services which meet their needs more precisely than their competitors. The problem is that the process of buying a product is more complex than it might at first appear. Customers do not usually make purchases without thinking carefully about their requirements.
Wherever there is a choice, decisions are involved, and these may be influenced by constantly changing motives. The organization that can understand why customers make decisions such as who buys, what they buy and how they buy will, by catering more closely for customers satisfaction an their needs, become potentially more successful. Total quality management is a commitment to the continuous improvement of work processes with the goal of satisfying internal and external customers.
TQM provides the organizational focus and mind set, as well as specific tools and techniques, to ensure meeting customer requirements, first time and every time.
Management must make sure that everybody knows their customers, both internal and external. Further, more it is essential that everybody can "see" the ultimate customer using their products and services.
Employees at all levels of the organization should be given opportunities to observe the customer using their products and services. All employees should understand how each process used in producing products and services adds value for the customer. The other aspects can be the information system. Dealing effectively with customers is a small fraction in the customer requirement list, this comprises with the following rules such as the communication skills, greet customers, value customers, ask them what help they need, listening to them and requesting them to return back.
Guest posting can be a good way to grow your own audience. It can help you build name recognition and authority status in your niche or industry.
The four plan strategies which come handy are: - A. Confirm customer requirements, such as listening to question and answers, B. Inform customer of costs such as which good is better and cheaper, D. Agree action plan with customer such as delivery time and date.
Understanding who customers are and translating their requirements is a major task performed by management.
In order to tabulate the requirement a good survey and appreciation form need to be submitted to customers.
In understanding the requirements first analyzing the failures such as poor quality, excessive cost, late to market, superior competition are certain factors that can be useful tools along with the SWOT analysis that can determine whether the customer requirements are translated into the product and services.
Good Product Planning and services process combines prioritized customer requirements, customer perceptions, and technical competitive benchmarking into specific and measurable performance targets.
The results are successful innovative new products, shortened development cycles, and a basis for continuous improvement. Targets must be defined based on the customer-focused product planning and therefore always tie product design decisions to the marketplace, Voice of the Customer VOC and business goals.
It concentrates on maximizing customer satisfaction measured by metrics such as repeat business. QFD also focuses on delivering value by seeking out spoken and unspoken values and needs translating them into actions, and designs and communicating it back to the organization.
There are certain principles in serving customer, which are termed as Customer-Servicing principles. One of which is known as the Kano Model in short it is an expected treatment made for customer on prompt purposes. Another principle is known as the Kaizen philosophy, setting goals to improve everyday in every way. As such by employing Lagniappe: delight customers by providing more than they expect is another principle.
Every successful organization strives to ensure that its internal systems are designed and implemented to deliver flawless and seamless service to every customer under all conceivable conditions and circumstances. Each of these categories have job ranks as for Product planning is the planning a product based on needs and opportunity Assembly is about the identification of the critical parts of the product and so forth.
Though these does not relevantly attributes the customers relationship to the product, yet sustainably the production contributes to the customers. Market Survey B. Bench Marking C. Life Cycle Planning D. Environmental Characterization E. Modeling and Stimulation. Suppliers must anticipate needs or position on their products in market place. This is usually carried out with market surveys, quality function deployment, benchmarking and often this is competitive advantage.
The requirements for the development can be mentioned in two categories namely as a. Under the heading design there are only two defined task such as, environmental characterization and fault tolerance. These surveys can be carried out with a prototype model and the feedback can determine the reliability of the product.
There are many factors which lead to high levels of customer satisfaction including: Products and services which are customer focused and then provide high levels of value for money.
Customer service is about giving personal attention to the needs of individual customers which includes after sales services. What is clear about customer satisfaction is that customers are most likely to appreciate the goods and services that they buy if they are made to feel special.
The first process in the activity planning section is activity definition. This process starts with the WBS and identifies the activities required to produce the various project deliverables. Activities are viewed from the perspective of the work packages. Basing on the question, "What activities are required to satisfy this work package?
Table 3.Identify potential problems at an early stage and propose possible solutions. Influence sector assistance strategy.
To forecast well, the first question is our reputation must be good, and we must some times go on lose in order to gain, losing here means, bending some corners with special discounts for cases recommended by Doctors. For permission to reuse our content please locate the material that you wish to use on link. List this Seller's Books.
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