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An inspirational exploration of the psychology that enabled Viktor Frankl, bestselling author of Man's Search for Meaning, to survive the. Man's Search For Ultimate Meaning [Viktor E. Frankl] on ppti.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Viktor Frankl, bestselling author of Man's Search for . Please click on the PDF link at the bottom of this page to download the Teacher's Man's Search for Meaning (hereafter MSFM) is an autobiographical account of Psychotherapy and Existentialism, and Man's Search for Ultimate Meaning.

The answer is the ego. The ego in the psycho analytic view is ultimately a plaything of the drives.

Or as Freud himself once said, the ego is not the master in its own house. Psychological phenomena are therefore reduced to drives and instincts and thus seem to be totally determined, i. Being human is a priori interpreted by psychoanalysis in terms of being driven. That is also the ul timate reason why the ego, once it has been dismembered, has to be reconstructed out of the drives.

Possessed of such an atomistic, energistic, and mechanistic concept of man, psychoanalysis sees him in the final analysis as the automaton of a psychic appara tus. And that is precisely the point where existential anal ysis comes in. It pits a different concept of man against the psychoanalytic one. It is not focused on the automa ton of a psychic apparatus but rather on the autonomy of spiritual existence. In other words, the "spiritual" is what is human in man.

And thus we come back to Schnitzler's list of virtues. Just as we could apply the virtue of objectivity to psycho analysis and that of courage to Adlerian psychology, so it is apt to apply to existential analysis the virtue of responsibil ity. In fact, existential analysis interprets human existence, and indeed being human, ultimately in terms of being re sponsible.

At the time we introduced the term "existential analysis,,2 in , contemporary philosophy offered the word "existence" to denote that specific mode of being that is basically characterized by being responsible. I made this inversion in my first book, Arztliche Seeisorge, 3 when I contended that man is not he who poses the ques tion, What is the meaning of life?

And man has to answer to life by answering for life; he has to re spond by being responsible; in other words, the response is necessarily a response-in-action. While we respond to life "in action" we are also re sponding in the "here and now. Thus our responsibility is always responsibility ad person am plus ad situationem. Existential analysis, in the form of logo therapy, is a psychotherapeutic method because it is concerned, in particular, with the neurotic mode of being and is intend ed to bring man-the neurotic, in particular-to an awareness of his responsibleness.

As in psychoanalysis, so in existential analysis man becomes conscious of some thing. But whereas in psychoanalysis it is the instinctual of which he becomes conscious, in existential analysis, or logotherapy, he becomes conscious of the spiritual, or ex istential. For it is only from the viewpoint of man's spiri tuality, or existentiality, that being human can be described in terms of being responsible.

What comes to consciousness in existential analysis, then, is not drive or instinct, neither id drives nor ego drives, but self. Here it is not the ego that becomes conscious of the id but rather the self that becomes conscious of itself. We have to expand its limits because it turns out that there is not only an instinctual unconscious but a spiritual unconscious as welL Thus the content of the unconscious has been differentiated into unconscious instinctuality and unconscious spirituality.

Previously we have tried to supplement psychother apy in the strict sense of the word by introducing logo therapy as a psychotherapy centered and focusing on the spiritual-which constitutes the noological dimension as distinct from the psychological dimension. Having thus included the spiritual into psychology in general, we now include it in particular into depth psychology-that is, into the psychology of the unconscious.

Freud saw only unconscious instinctuality, as repre sented in what he called the id; to him the unconscious was first and foremost a reservoir of repressed instinctu ality. However, the spiritual may also be unconscious; moreover, existence is essentially unconscious, because the foundation of existence cannot be fully reflected upon and thus cannot be fully aware of itself. The border between the con scious and the unconscious is a very fluid one-it is per meable-for there is a constant transition from one to the other.

We need only consider what psychoanalysis has termed repression: In the act of repression something conscious becomes unconscious; vice versa, in the remov al of repression something unconscious is made con scious again. In contrast to the "fluid" border between the con scious and the unconscious, the line between the spiritual and the instinctual cannot be drawn sharply enough.

This fact has been expressed most concisely by Ludwig Binswanger when he spoke of "instincts and spirit" as "in commensurable concepts. This is due to the fact that-in contrast to the psychoanalytic concept-being human is not being driven but "deciding what one is going to be," to quote Jaspers entscheidendes Sein , or to quote Heidegger: Dasein. Existence thus may well be authentic even when it is unconscious, but man exists authentically only when he is not driven but, rather, responsible.

Authentic existence is present where a self is deciding for itself, but not where an id is driving it. It might be said that psychoanalysis has "id-Hied," and "de-self-Hied," human existence.

Before, we stated that the line between the spiritu al-as the human in man-and the instinctual cannot be drawn sharply enough.

In fact we may conceive of it as an ontological hiatus that separates the two fundamen tally distinct regions within the total structure of the hu man being. On one side is existence, and on the other side is whatever belongs to facticity: Whereas existence, according to our definition, is in essence spiritual, fac ticity contains somatic and psychic "facts," the physio logical as well as the psychological.

And whereas the line between existence and facticity, that ontological hi atus, must be drawn as sharply as possible, within the realm of facticity the line between the somatic and the psychic cannot be drawn clearly. Any physician who has ever tried to elucidate the multidimensional etiolo gy of a psychosomatic condition knows very well how difficult it is to differentiate between psychogenic and somatogenic components. Frankl Category: Psychology European World History Religion pdf.

Share on Facebook. Add to Cart. Later, while imprisoned for three years in first a Nazi ghetto and then in Nazi concentration camps, Frankl applied his theory to his own immediate situation, to console himself and his fellow prisoners.

Because he was Jewish, Frankl was arrested by Nazi German authorities in September , along with his pregnant wife, his parents, and his brother. Frankl and his remaining family members were next transported to Auschwitz in Poland, where all of them, except Frankl, died.

At the time of his arrest, Frankl was a well-regarded psychologist. Frankl carried his manuscript outlining his theory, titled The Doctor and the Soul , with him to Auschwitz. It was slipped into a pocket sewed between the lining and the outer fabric of his overcoat. At Auschwitz, in short order, Frankl was separated from his family and stripped of his clothing including his overcoat, which contained his manuscript.

The Nazis even shaved all of his body hair off. The depiction of this concentration camp experience is followed in MSFM by a poignant argument in favor of all aspects of Logotherapy.

In essence, MSFM provides a living example of Logotherapy in practice, as Frankl writes about how he survived his experience in the Nazi concentration camp, before moving on to an in-depth account of the theory itself.

Frankl organizes MSFM into the following sections: For more on Nazi Holocaust terminology, go to www His life, therefore, spanned most of the twentieth century. As a teenager he was fascinated by philosophy, psychology, and psychoanalysis—the latter of which was theorized and popularized by Sigmund Freud.

As a young adult, he supplemented his high school studies with adult education courses.

Man’s Search for Meaning Teacher’s Guide

He also began a correspondence with Freud. While in college, he worked for the psychotherapeutic department of the Psychiatric University Clinic.

Frankl earned a Doctorate in Medicine from the University of Vienna in From to , he was director of the Neurological Department of the Rothschild Hospital a hospital for Jewish patients. In , Frankl received a Ph. Throughout his career, Frankl was in high demand on the lecture circuit. He also held guest professorships at several American colleges and universities, including Harvard University and Duquesne University.

The Viktor Frankl Institute was founded in Vienna in Winslade p. The book focuses on love, hope, responsibility, inner freedom, and the beauty to be found in both nature and art as means that help one endure and overcome harrowing experiences. As noted above, Frankl had begun developing meaning therapy Logotherapy before he was arrested and imprisoned by the Nazis. This guide contains classroom discussion and writing prompts.

In addition, it contains references to images of Frankl at various stages in his life in order to deepen comprehension and provide context. The letter and speeches provide the reader with a view of Dr. The prompts are organized according to the standard they primarily support. In addition, at the end of some of the standards sections, a classroom activity is provided that can further enhance analysis of the text for a complete listing of the Standards, go to: The goal of this guide is to illuminate this responsibility for readers, by providing a means for thorough investigation and comprehension of MSFM , as well as accompanying self-investigation and introspection.

Support your response using examples from the book. Describe the command hierarchy of German concentration camps. Pay special attention to those prisoners who were selected to supervise camp activities.

How does Frankl describe these selected individuals? Support your answer with evidence from the book. By what psychological methods did they survive—or not? In what ways could a prisoner obtain sufficient sustenance? Why would politics and religion play a vital role in concentration camps p. Support your answer using MSFM and other reputable sources.

In other words, can Life ask us questions? For the author, the deep root of human meaning lies not in drives and desires, but in spirituality and responsibility. But what is responsibility, and what is spirituality?

We all have different beliefs, and we all have different responsibilities.

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Is there a unifying global theory for all human beliefs and responsibilities? Such statements made it hard for me to relate to this book. According to the author, in order to be truly whole, we must integrate not just the mind and body, but the spirit as well. Only by exploring and coming to terms with our spiritual selves will we come to be our true selves. But this is confusing. What does he mean by the body? Is the body a thinking organism like the mind, or is the mind contained in the body? And what is the difference between the mind and the brain?

Is the mind contained in the brain? Not obvious, the mind could very well be in the heart, or somewhere else.

And what is the spirit, and where is it? Is the spirit contained in our body, or exterior of it? Does the spirit exist at all, or is the spirit the mind? We are delving into a territory that cannot be proven by science. Science has not yet proven the existence of a spirit.

Man's Search for Ultimate Meaning

If a spirit does exist, does it too die at death, or is our spirit a non-physical entity? I think to really understand this book and enjoy it one has to first be able to define many terms used in the book, such as id, legotherapy, existential analysis, mind, spirit etc One thing is for sure, I did get interested in learning more about psychology and Freud.

But honestly, I'm still as much baffled about my true meaning of life as when I first started reading and finished reading this book. This book was not a quick fix to my ultimate meaning in life, but the publisher does claim that this book has changed the lives of millions of people.

But religious books, such as the Bible, the Torah, the Quran, the Bhagavad-Gita, just to name a few, have also changed the lives of millions and given them the answers to man's search for the ultimate meaning of life. There were some very interesting and enjoyable passages in the book that are useful in one's path to the ultimate meaning of life.

For example, the author says that man has deeper motivations than pleasure or power. I do agree. We all have I think the need to serve something beyond ourselves. Isn't this the essence of all religions? I did like the passages on the interpretation of dreams, especially those of prisoners and suicidal persons.

Even criminals subconsciously search for and find the meaning to life through their dreams! There is a nice story about a woman trying to save a scorpion from drowning.

Every time she reaches out to grab the scorpion to lift him out of the water, the scorpion stings her. A man watching this scene unfold in front of his eyes is baffled at the insistence of the woman to save the scorpion. After seeing her stung by the scorpion repeatedly, and seeing her in extreme pain and on the verge of death from the scorpion's poison, he screams at her to stop trying to save the scorpion.

He says, "Can't you see it is the scorpion's nature to sting you. Why are you still trying to save it?

Is our ultimate meaning in life determined by our instinctive actions? Good addition to my library. Verified Purchase. Viktor Frankl's unique insight into the search for meaning in life is at times technical but well worth the read.

Best Summary + PDF: Man’s Search for Meaning, by Victor Frankl

Paperback Verified Purchase. A great read when you are ready for some self reflection. One person found this helpful. Frankl is a smart, admirable man, and it's interesting to read about his life strategies, especially in light of his concentration camp survival. So, on whole I would recommend it, but I don't feel it is a great piece of literature.

The author, through his research and personal experiences, has undoubtedly left me to think. His propositions and explanations do require time to digest.I began to see that it was my own self-suppression in the supervision sessions that had caused my anxiety. Because he was Jewish, Frankl was arrested by Nazi German authorities in September , along with his pregnant wife, his parents, and his brother. He seems to focus almost exclusively upon the instinctual. Even though he risked getting typhus himself and dying, at least his death would have meaning in those circumstances: a doctor trying to save people.

A famous Freudian psychoanalyst devoted two volumes to Goethe.

I have no way to be sure but my intuition is that some of the views that he held will now seem outdated to practitioners of the field. I'll share the teaching that touched me the most.

Think of scuba divers and the bends.

ARLETTE from Michigan
Look through my other posts. One of my hobbies is geo caching. I do like exploring ePub and PDF books quicker.