DANCING SKELETONS DETTWYLER PDF
PDF Dancing Skeletons: Life and Death in West Africa vignettes and honest, vivid descriptions, Dettwyler explores such diverse topics as. Dancing Skeletons: Life and Death in West Africa. Katherine A. Dettwyler. Martha C. Ward. University of New Orleans. Search for more papers by this author. Dancing Skeletons Life And Death In West Africa Katherine A Dettwyler - [FREE] Dettwyler is an American anthropologist and advocate of breastfeeding.
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Get Free Read & Download Files Dancing Skeletons Life And Death In West Africa Katherine A Dettwyler PDF. DANCING SKELETONS LIFE AND DEATH IN . Get this from a library! Dancing skeletons: life and death in West Africa. [ Katherine A Dettwyler]. This particular Dancing Skeletons Life And Death In West Africa Katherine A Dettwyler PDF start with Introduction,. Brief Session till the.
While we have sociologists, nutritionists, economists, and others studying issues like malnutrition in Africa, the inclusion of anthropologists is needed in order to go further.
Anthropologists are able to take a step back and provide a holistic approach in their research. Understanding how culture, religion, ecology, and other factors play a role in the dietary habits of others will in turn help the rest of the scientific community — as well as humanity in general — to better solve the dilemma of poor nutrition.
Nutritional Imbalance, Ecology, and Kwasiorkor Kwasiorkor is a disease that not many people have heard of, and yet many have probably seen the effects of. A distinct feature of a person suffering from Kwasiorkor is a large, round, distended stomach. Often infomercials about sponsoring starving children in Africa will feature images of children who are afflicted with Kwasiorkor. Ironically, Kwasiorkor is not caused by starvation but is actually a product of two factors.
The first, as mentioned previously, is a prolonged lack of protein in the diet. The second component to the development of Kwasiorkor is an overabundance of calories from fats and carbohydrates. It is the extreme imbalance of calorie sources - rather than a general lack of calories - that causes the disease Annegers It could be construed that even though lack of food in general is not the cause of Kwasiorkor, poverty might still be a factor in obtaining protein rich foods.
While this may be one reason, its significance is not strongly supported by data. In her ethnography Dancing Skeletons: Life and Death in West Africa, Katherine Dettwyler writes about an exchange she has with a Malian woman pertaining to her diet and how it related to her income.
Dancing Skeletons: Life and Death in West Africa, 20th Anniversary Edition PDF ebook
She learned very quickly that more money does not translate to better food options. According to Dettwyler, when asked how she would spend extra money if she had it, the Malian woman responded that she would prefer to buy more clothes or shoes, not necessarily more food Dettwyler In the eyes of the Malian woman, she has plenty of millet, rice, and other foods, and wondered why she should buy more.
Cultural preference is clearly not the only cause for such an inadequate intake of protein. Living in western Africa also yields certain ecological setbacks. Local diets often consist mainly of staple starches which bear little, if any, protein at all.
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Although it is true that infants can get ample amounts of protein while nursing, their supply comes to an abrupt stop when they are weaned and expected to live off of primarily starches Annegers Culturally speaking, infants are weaned fairly early due to the demands of having more children. Since protein sources do not make up a significant source of calories for the very young children, nutrient imbalance is almost inevitable.
Protein from animal sources is quite unpredictable throughout much of West Africa due to seasonal, ecological, and economic reasons.
Because of relatively low population in certain areas, trade of meats is often bypassed though them. Local livestock often provides little useful meat due to the protozoa infection trypanosomiasis, which is carried by the tsetse fly.
Furthermore, pastoralists emphasize the importance of having large herds and are reluctant to slaughter for meat trade Annegers Fish is often viewed as an alternative source for animal proteins, especially for coastal populations, but Annegers points out that there is still much instability in that area as well: Domestic fish catches are highly seasonal causing fish consumption to be the same.
In one Senegalese village, for example, the annual per capita intake of fresh fish was 39 g but the monthly level ranged from g in March to 4 g in August. These starches are reliable and easy to cultivate given their environment. Moreover, the link between a lack of animal protein in their diet and diseases like Kwashiorkor are not typically acknowledged by most. Attempting to help prevent a disease like Kwashiorkor in West Africa begins with understanding that there are multiple factors involved, and that not all of these factors are directly related to one another.
Urbanization, Beauty, and Obesity Many people rarely think of problems such as obesity when talking about Africa. Because it is often portrayed as a uniquely American problem through mainstream media outlets, it is not surprising that problems like obesity in Africa have gone under the radar for so long. It is important to note that the issue has not completely been ignored by researchers in academia, but that frequently it has been pushed aside — or even swept under the rug — in favor of focusing on under-nutrition.
According to the Journal of Biosocial Sciences: Although over-nutrition is prevalent among adult female Batswana, underweight remains an important public health problem for males.
Programmes and other interventions aimed at concurrently addressing both under-nutrition and overweight need to be developed. He acknowledges that obesity and under-nutrition are equally adverse and that they affect nearly all age groups and socioeconomic groups Most Americans are well aware of the negative effects of obesity.
Diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased rate of mortality are just a few examples of what could result from being overweight, and these ailments are hardly exclusive to Westerners. Nonetheless, just as we have seen in our own culture, obesity is not a simple battle to conquer, as it is influenced by many factors ranging from genetics to poor education. In order to fully realize the underlying causes of obesity in Africa, we must be willing to look at several factors including culture, geography, and history.
Northern Africa is considered to be a middle income region based on gross domestic product and other development indices Mokhtar et al.
This economic success has led to the increased urbanization of countries such as Morocco and Tunisia, and increased obesity has correlated with it. In fact, the prevalence of obesity among women in particular has increased threefold between and Mokhtar et al.
However, other aspects of the region may also seem to play a part in the increased levels of obesity. There's also a very tense, poignant chapter where she talks about how her daughter nearly died of drug-resistant malaria.
Definitely a win, especially for anthropologists of course and those interested in the problems associated with Africa. Dancing Skeletons offers a fascinating peek into one anthropologist's extensive work in West Africa. The stories are detailed, intimate, educational, and most of all riveting.
Dettwyler somehow managed to make anthropology interesting to all--from those who can't get enough of the subject to those who couldn't care less. Perhaps this is because Dancing Skeletons is a deeply human book; these are not merely tribal "others.
However, upon finishing the book, I was sorely disappointed and repeatedly flipped the book over to rer I had to write a paper based on certain aspects of this book but instead turned it into an old fashion book report. However, upon finishing the book, I was sorely disappointed and repeatedly flipped the book over to reread the synopsis and practical praise for the book.
Dancing skeletons dettwyler
Every anthropologist knows the idea of holism and how important it is to be aware of it in every aspect of life, regardless of personal biases in foreign territory. In fact, she was constantly falling into her white-American mindset, shedding the formal anthropological robes she should have been wearing.
Laughing to make light of a situation is common, however, she made no comments in her book on actually understanding the practice, which ruffles my metaphorical feathers. You should not joke or ridicule anything that you do not yet understand.
While Dettwyler does indeed try to keep her emic and etic views separate while conversing with the persons she encounters, she constantly switches between the two. Through her thoughts and comments outside of the conversation taking place, she becomes obviously frustrated with interviewing residents about ideas of what to do with more money.Local livestock often provides little useful meat due to the protozoa infection trypanosomiasis, which is carried by the tsetse fly.
First published: According to the Journal of Biosocial Sciences: Although over-nutrition is prevalent among adult female Batswana, underweight remains an important public health problem for males.
In fact, she was constantly falling into her white-American mindset, shedding the formal anthropological robes she should have been wearing.
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