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Quran & Recitations · The Tafsirs · Science of Recitations · Quranic Science · Misc. 'Alī ibn Ahmad al-Wahidi, Asbab al-Nuzul 'Alī ibn Ahmad al-Wāhidī (d. Asbāb al-Nuzūl (i.e. the contexts and occasions of the Revelation of the Qur'an). To enter Asbab Al-Nuzul Click here. PDF To download Asbab Al-Nuzul Click here. Asbāb al-nuzūl (أسباب النزول), meaning occasions or circumstances of revelation , refers to the historical context in which Quranic verses were revealed. Though. Dِownload Asbab Nuzul al-Quran PDF. Teks Bacaan Rawi Maulid Nabi Lengkap. Asbabun Nuzul Lengkap Pdf Printer Big List of of the Top.

According to me this is the most probable view regarding the reason for this prohibition. Maimonides did not have available to him the exegetical tool with which Muslims were able to approach their legal structure, that of the Islamic-Abrahamic heritage that could be postulated for a continued pagan practice under the new dispensation.

Muslims did then face the problem of determining exactly what was Abrahamic and what was not, however, and this problem is nowhere more clearly illustrated than in the various traces of totally opposing opinions which are recorded in the asbab information, as, for example, in Q. Within this notion of the Jahili background it is to be observed quite frequently that there is a flexibility in the identity of the Jahili opponents; both Jews and pagans may perform the function, for example, as in Q.

This would seem to indicate a mixing of apologetic i. There is, however, debate over exactly which parables were being ridiculed and exactly who the ridiculing opponents were. Two choices are presented for which similes are intended; the first makes reference to the two examples previously cited in the sura: the man who kindled the fire in and the rain from the sky in This solution pays attention to the context and canonical order of the scripture.

The intention of this choice of similes seems exegetical. The question of which opponents of Prophet Muhammad ridiculed him about these extended similes is, it seems, related to the choice of similes as well. Reading scripture in its canonical order and giving consideration to the connection between various pericopes - that is, paying attention to the context - provides the exegetical impulse for the citation of such asbab reports.

It is to be noted that al-Tabari, and following him al-Suyuti, argues precisely this point, thus giving support to this version of the sabab. It would, however, be totally incorrect to gloss over the situations where quite clearly the asbab do have halakhic value as argued by Wansbrough and by Muslim scholars although, even there, whether the chronological aspect is primary in the material here studied, as has been the general assumption, would seem to be quite doubtful.

Halakhic asbab material can function in a number of ways. Frequently a sabab will provide an appropriate context in which a halakhic meaning may be extracted from the verse: this happens most prominently in Q.

Indeed, God is omnipresent, all-knowing.

Approximately ten different major themes are found in the asbab material, each of which suggests a totally different intention behind the verse.

Some leave the verse halakhically relevant only in a partial way; this is found in a report which suggests this verse is a continuation of Q. The Najashi is not a Muslim, the claim is, purely because he did not pray to the correct qibla.

The overall impact of this report could perhaps be best classified as haggadic elaboration of a polemical motif. But most important without a doubt are two series of reports which give the verse a definite legal content, but, interestingly enough, make two radically different legal points, each justified by its own asbab material. One series of reports is structured with the following elements: 1 travelling either with or without the Prophet; 2 the travellers stop at the time for prayer; 3 it is cloudy, dark or foggy and the qibla cannot be determined; 4 everyone prays towards the direction he thinks best; 5 next morning the error becomes clear; 6 the Prophet is asked about it, the verse is revealed.

This being the case, one can only express a certain amount of surprise at finding an alternate series of asbab for the verse with its own halakhic point to make, the legal implications of which are generally accepted in combination with those of the previous sabab.

The basic sabab is terse but manages to pose the problem of what to do if one is riding a camel at prayer-time; is it necessary to dismount or may one ride and pray in the direction the camel is facing? When I feared morning was approaching , I dismounted and prayed the witr prayer and then caught up with him.

That is the preaching to those among you who believe in God and the last day. That is cleaner and purer for you. God knows and you do not know. The most popular identification is presented in three different versions by al-Wahidi as well as being cited by al-Suyuti and Berlin He divorced her. When her waiting period was over, he came to propose to her. Now you come to propose to her. No, by God, you may never return!

So God revealed this verse. She completed her waiting period, then he returned wanting her to return to him. Jabir refused. So this verse was revealed. It would thus seem significant that in both versions of the sabab a reference is made to the fact that the woman in question wanted to re-marry but could not because of the lack of permission.

Such a reference, unnatural to the narrative flow of both reports, is undoubtedly a reference made in the story so that the specific halakhic point can be made. As is acknowledged by al-Qurtubi, the followers of the legal school of Abu Hanifa do not agree with this ruling; basing themselves on Q. Al-Jassas,[61] being a Hanafite, represents this position. The fact that the report is found in al-Bukhari makes no difference to al-Jassas who is quite apparently in the position of having to reject the sabab.

A sabab may also act to deflect exegetically an apparent halakhic content of a verse such as in Q.

Woe to them for what their hands write and woe to them for what they gain. Notable within various reports given by al-Tabari are some traditions which suggest that what is involved in this verse is not tahrif, alteration, of the Torah but rather the writing of entire books and claiming that they are from God Mishna?

On the other hand, asbab reports which seem to have halakhic content are on occasion apparently not employed in exegesis in that way, for example in Q. There is no sin on the two of them if they return, if they think that they can maintain the rules of God. These are the rules of God which he explains to a people who understands. He then divorced her. May I return to my first husband? So he slept with her and divorced her after that; thus there was no sin on the two of them when they rejoined.

It would seem that a sabab may well be halakhic in application or even in origin, but that fact does not necessarily mean that it will actually be advanced for such purposes. It is within discussions of naskh that one intuitively expects to find the majority of the discussions about chronology and one also expects that such discussions will centre around asbab reports; indeed, this was an emphasised point within most previous scholarly discourses on asbab.

In very few cases, however, is that discussion about chronology and asbab ever carried on in the verses that were examined in this study, at least on an overt level.


An example of where it does happen to some extent at least occurs in Q. For those who disbelieve, there will be a great punishment. Why was it said in any case? The prohibition contained in the verse was seen, quite obviously, as applying to Muslims, so it must have been Muslims who were saying the word at one time; this assumption is reflected in all the reports. Just where, why and how the Muslims used this word is a matter of some debate, with three original contexts being suggested by the asbab reports: a the word was Jewish-perhaps used mockingly-which the Muslims misunderstood and adopted into their speech.

Safa and Marwa are among the Symbols of Allah.

So if those who visit the House in the Season or at other times, should compass them round , it is no sin in them. And if any one obeyeth his own impulse to good,- be sure that Allah is He Who recogniseth and knoweth.

The first sabab states that the pagan Arabs practiced this ur-Islamically [ clarification needed ] sanctioned ritual, but that they so adulterated it with idolatry that the first Muslims pressed to abandon it until Q. The second sabab provides conflicting ethnological data, stating that the practice was instituted by Muhammed in opposition to the pagans' sacrifices to their idols.

Legal exegesis is the most hermeneutically complex level of interpretation for several reasons. One is that every ruling must be considered with respect to the corpus of Islamic holy law. Note that the foil may not always be a particular verse or pericope, but a principle synthesized from multiple rulings.

The second, even more basic, complexity resides in determining which verses have legal content. A seemingly proscriptive verse may be made merely polemical by interpretation, while a seemingly non-proscriptive verse may have actual legal import.

To those without Faith is a grievous punishment. In any case:. As these examples amply demonstrate, supporting exegetical literature e. Appealing to the raw, unmediated text of the Qur'an as proof of consensus within traditional Islamic law for or against some practice is thus almost always a futile exercise. The earliest and the most important work in this genre is undoubtedly Kitab asbab al-Nuzul "Book of occasions of revelation" of Ali ibn Ahmad al-Wahidi d.

Wahidi's work is not only the first attempt to collect all the material regarding the occasions of revelation in one single volume, but it is also the standard upon which all subsequent works were based. He was a poet, philologist, grammarian and Quranic commentator. In fact, He was considered a great commentator of the Quran of his time.

His main teacher was the famous Quranic commentator al-Thalabi d. Another important work is by al-Suyuti d. Suyuti wrote his book about four centuries after al-Wahidi.

It contains more occasions of revelation compared to Wahidi's work. His work covers chapters sura of the Quran while Wahidi's work covers 83 suras. The name of his book is Lubab al-Nuqul fi Asbab al-Nuzul meaning "The best of narrations concerning the circumstances of revelation". In Rippin's detailed examination of preth-century exegetical literature, [1] other works include as follows:.

The chief innovation of the genre was organizational i. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The term "sabab" in its technical sense meaning "occasion of revelation" seems to begin to make its appearance in the works of Tabari d. Al-Jassas d.

Watt , for example, stressed the narratological significance of these types of reports: "The Quranic allusions had to be elaborated into complete stories and the background filled in if the main ideas were to be impressed on the minds of simple men. In other words, no process of spinning a narrative around a Quranic verse seems to have taken place Quranic materials only began to be applied to the non-Quranic basic narrative framework when the sacred scripture became a standard source of guidance.

Kashf al-Asrar The Unveiling of the Mysteries – Volume V

This was achieved by dragging various passages from the scriptures into the narrative. The same Quranic extract could actually be installed in different scenes of Muhammad's life Assuming that a report's link to scripture would not be removed once established, the non-Qur'anic and thus non-exegetic version of the report is in fact the original one.

Muslim scholars agree that the revelations of the Quran can be divided into two broad types: One type includes passages of the Quran which were revealed in response to specific events, incidents or questions put forward to Muhammad. The second type includes passages of the Quran which were not direct responses to any historical or social development in the life of the Muslim community. A thorough understanding of the first type of passages, therefore, depend on knowing the circumstances of the events which occasioned them.

Such knowledge is an important tool for explaining the meanings of this type of Quranic verses. These problems span the hermeneutical spectrum, from the most basic units of linguistic meaning to such technical intellectual disciplines as law and philosophy and all points in between. A major underlying difficulty encountered at all levels is the Qur'an's lack of structure. One of the very basic problem is that it is often impossible to tell where one pericope ends and the next one begins.

Nuzul Al Quran

Narratological "Qissaic" : What is the story being told? Why do the characters in it react in the way they do? Legal " Hukmic " : What are the legal implications of a particular verse and how do these relate to the remaining corpus of Islamic holy law? Is the ruling limited in scope to the circumstances or even unique instant in which it was revealed, or does it define a general principle with broad applicability? Will ye not understand?Asbabun Nuzul adalah satu daripada cabang yang menjadi jambatan penghubung kepada pemahaman yang lebih mendalam terhadap sesuatu ayat al-Quran.

Asbabun Nuzul English

The primary i. It is an argument and preaching proof brought by Prophet Muhammad. He wrote more than books, covering every aspect of the Islamic sciences. Show me how You will bring life to it so I may see it with my own eyes. And if any one obeyeth his own impulse to good,- be sure that Allah is He Who recogniseth and knoweth.

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