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HOBBIT CZYLI TAM IZ POWROTEM PDF

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O Hobbit · Read more · O Hobbit (português brasileiro). Read more www. ppti.info Autor - J.R.R. Tolkien Tytuł - Hobbit, czyli tam i z powrotem Tłum. Lo Hobbit. Read more ppti.info Autor - J.R.R. Tolkien Tytuł - Hobbit, czyli tam i z powrotem Tłum. - Maria Skibiniewska Opracowa. The Hobbit, or There and Back Again is a children's fantasy novel by English author J. R. R. Tolkien. (PDF) "Home is Behind, The World Ahead": Reading Tolkien's. Hobbit, czyli tam i z powrotem – Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia.


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Jun 10, guitar tab books collection. Apart from these, there are also four titles of characters not identified by name that serve the sociological function, and to an extent also the identifying-differential one, as they differentiate their bearers from all the other characters who are not named and enable reference to them. They also state the superior positions held by their bearers.

The semantic function is served mainly not by the first names but by the descriptive names the characters receive at some point during the plot: Bard the Bowman, Bard the Drag- on-shooter, Bilbo the Magnificent, Mr. All these nomina propria point to some characteristics of their denotations. A great number of meaningful names also appear in the conversation between Bilbo and Smaug, as the first wants to flatter the other, who in turn does not know the name of the first, so can only name him by his features.

Apart from these meaningful names, whose recognition should pose no challenge for the reader, there are also a few which might.

Accessed Martyna Gibka: Onomastic discrepancies … 35 too narrow for what happens with the analysed nomina pro- pria.

Therefore, I would like to propose another dimension of this function, namely a racial one. The similarity of the naming manner of a race of characters in the fictional universe to a race from the real world may suggest a parallel or resem- blance between the races. These are authentic first names taken over from the non-literary world Hanks and Hodges 40, , Moreover, the short version of the name William corresponds to the one in the real world Hanks and Hodges , and Huggins is an authentic Norfolk surname Cottle Authentic nomina propria, the fact of the existence and use of short forms of first names, and the possession of a surname are all similarities to how people in the real world are named.

The probability of such an al- lusion increases when the names of other races from the novel are analysed, since none are similar: dwarves, elves, wizards and goblins have neither surnames nor short forms of first names, and only hobbits have surnames, but no short forms of first names.

At this point the short versions of first names are no longer used, only among trolls.

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Therefore, one might be tempted to disregard the indicated analogy. In The Hobbit or There and Back Again this role emerges with the in- troduction of the names of the auctioneers — Messrs Grubb, Grubb, and Burrowes — who sell the goods of Bilbo Baggins at that point presumably dead. With regard to the user, it is pos- sible to assess only the reactions of the characters who meet the analysed names, and here the humorous function does not appear as no character is amused by them.

However, treating the proprium as text, it is possible to determine if a proper name possesses a hu- morous element as one of its qualities. The first being a basic, normal vision of the development of the situation N and the second a vision with a violation of some elements of the situation V.

When, in the act of communication, the recipient en- counters a proper name and interprets it as having certain se- mantic characteristic, the situation can be construed as abnor- mal.

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Rutkowski Martyna Gibka: Onomastic discrepancies … 37 Such an interpretation is possible when the pronunciation of the name coincides with the one of an appellative which pos- sesses meaning. In The Hobbit or There… this role is served by the appellations: King Bard, Bilbo the Magnificent, Smaug the Dreadful, the Worm of Dread and King under the Mountain about Thorin Oakenshield , all of which perform it in relation to the creator, whose feelings are expressed towards the deno- tations they voice.

Finally, Thorin calls himself King under the Mountain when he introduces himself to the people of Lake-town and uses this title hereafter. Another group of nomina propria mentioned earlier with re- gard to the sociological and semantic functions which should also be analysed here is constituted by the names that appear in the conversation between Bilbo and Smaug. Some of them serve the expressive function, while others serve the camou- flaging one.

Then, the ex- pressive role is also present in the titles Smaug gives to Bilbo: Thief Barrel-rider and Thief in the Shadows, which stress what it is about the hobbit that the dragon despises most. Finally, the last appellation voicing emotions is the title Smaug gives to himself: the real King under the Mountain.

This happens with the titles Ringwinner, Luckwearer, and Barrel-rider, which Bilbo gives to himself when facing the challenge of introducing himself to the dragon without revealing his true name. One of the roles served by the onymic set from the book disappears, the scope and extent of some others change, and a new function emerges.

Martyna Gibka: Onomastic discrepancies … 39 ty-six characters identified by name in the film trilogy. Howev- er, it is not as simple as adding nineteen characters who do not appear in the book to the film.

Only thirty-seven charac- ters identified by name in the book are identified by name in the film trilogy. Despite the considerable lengthening of the plot and the set of nomina propria, ten characters from the novel The Hobbit did not find their way into the three films di- rected by Peter Jackson.

Not all of these characters are minor, some play a significant role in the novel. Both the proper names taken from the novel and those add- ed serve the primary, identifying-differential function, since they identify characters in the world presented in the trilogy and differentiate them from other fictional figures therein.

However, the addition of such a great number of nomina pro- pria diminishes the value of identification that could be ob- served in the book, as even the names of mere animals are revealed Bungo, Daisy, Minty, Myrtle, Sebastian.

Moreover, the identification of large numbers of new figures belonging to particular races or places, suggests their greater importance in the story. What is more Bain, Sigrid and Tilda are the children of Bard about whom there in no mention in the book and as a result Bard becomes an even more promi- nent figure — in the book he was crucial, and was presented as such, but in the film that was not enough.

Moreover, the remaining secondary roles sociological, se- mantic, humorous, expressive, and camouflaging change. Firstly, the set of nomina propria serving the sociological func- tion is altered considerably, since out of fourteen appellations belonging to both identified and only differentiated characters from the book, only four remain unchanged and continue to serve the discussed function King Bard; Thorin Oakenshield King under the Mountain; Girion, Lord of Dale; and the Master of Lake-town.

As many as five disappear from the story — to- 7 Why are some nomina propria in The Hobbit or There and Back Again that also appear in, for instance, The Lord of the Rings not classified as serv- ing the intertextual function?

This decision is a result of the fact that The Hobbit or There and Back Again was published long before The Lord of the Rings or The Silmarillion, so at the time of the publication these proper names were not intertextual. Of course, a reader who acquaints himself with The Lord of the Rings before The Hobbit or There and Back Again may per- ceive some appellations from the latter as intertextual. The remain- ing five preserve their role, although they appear in the trilogy in different forms: the Great Goblin is reduced only to the title Goblin king losing its identification ; the real King under the Mountain Smaug becomes King Under the Mountain; Dain King under the Mountain is introduced as Dain, Lord of the Iron Hills; Thror King under the Mountain appears in an unchanged manner, but is also called King Thror; and the Elvenking is identified and referred to as Lord Thranduil and King Thranduil.

These, however, are not all discrepancies that arise within the onymic set serving the sociological function, which is performed in the film by four more appellations — three of which are completely new: King of Gondolin, Lady Galadriel, the Witchking of Angmar, and one is changed so that from a name serving only the primary function Elrond it starts to serve also the sociological one Lord Elrond.

Even more discrepancies arise within the set of nomina pro- pria that serve the semantic function. Although the numbers of meaningful names in the book and the trilogy are not that great 22 and 27 respectively only four descriptive nomina propria from the novel remain unchanged: Beorn, Thorin Oak- enshield, Barrel-rider, and Thief in the Shadows, thus continu- ing to perform their role in relation to their denotations with- out any alterations. The order in which the changed nomina propria are listed aims at illustrating the range of changes from the smallest to the greatest.

They remain meaningful, but in some instances, the features pointed to dif- fer.

J.R.R. Tolkien - Lo Hobbit A Fumetti.pdf

Furthermore, despite the lengthening of the plot and the general and the meaningful sets of nomina propria, six descrip- tive appellations from the book are lost, these are: Bilbo the Magnificent, Mr.

Lucky Number. Finally, as many as eleven new meaningful names belonging to new characters or being additional name forms of characters already identified are introduced into the trilogy.

Moreover, the recognition of only four of them should pose no difficulty to an average viewer, as their descriptive parts come from the English language Alfrid Lickspittle, Gandalf the Grey, Saruman the White, Strider. However, the remaining seven nomina propria originate in Sindarin and Quenya — languages created by Tolkien, therefore their descriptiveness is not transparent and will not be discovered without proper diction- aries.

Arathorn starts with the prefix ar- or ara- meaning no- ble, high, royal Eldaron 6 , Mithrandir is the compound of the words: mith — pale, grey Eldaron 20 , and randir — pilgrim, wanderer Eldaron 24 , and Galadriel is created from galad — light bright , sunlight, brilliance, radiance, glit- tering reflection Eldaron 12 , and riel — princess El- daron In addition, Legolas is created through the compounding of the words: laeg — fresh green Eldaron 17 , and golas — collection of leaves, foliage Eldaron 14 , which suggest the place he comes from, the name Tauriel9 9 This name — denoting a character which appears only in the film trilogy — serves to suggest that the creation of the new nomina propria introduced in the films was supposed to resemble that of the names created by Tolkien himself.Introduction The film adaptation of The Hobbit or There and Back Again dif- fers from the novel in terms of not only the plot, but also prop- er names.

Some names, though, remain in English such as Baggins or Took , which in the Lord of the Rings are translated as Saquet and Tuc respectively. In addition, Legolas is created through the compounding of the words: laeg — fresh green Eldaron 17 , and golas — collection of leaves, foliage Eldaron 14 , which suggest the place he comes from, the name Tauriel9 9 This name — denoting a character which appears only in the film trilogy — serves to suggest that the creation of the new nomina propria introduced in the films was supposed to resemble that of the names created by Tolkien himself.

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