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Maak een PDF. Fire Safety Systems Code - FSS-CODE ADOPTS the International Code for Fire Safety Systems (FSS Code), the text of which is set out in the. ebk eBooks, French, International Maritime Organization (IMO) Safety Management FSS Code: International Code for Fire Safety Systems () FSS Code. Author: International Maritime Organization Pages: Publication Date Release Date: ISBN: Product Group:Book Download.

Chapter 2 International shore connections. II-2 of the Convention. Table 2. The flange shall have a flat face on one side and, on the other side, it shall be permanently attached to a coupling that will fit the ship's hydrant and hose. Chapter 3 Personnel protection.

The outer surface shall be water-resistant;. Electric safety lamps on tankers and those intended to be used in hazardous areas shall be of an explosion-proof type; and. The lifeline shall successfully pass an approval test by statical load of 3. The lifeline shall be capable of being attached by means of a snap-hook to the harness of the apparatus or to a separate belt in order to prevent the breathing apparatus becoming detached when the lifeline is operated.

In these events, a self-contained breathing apparatus, which is specifically suited for such applications, shall be used. Hoods and face pieces shall be constructed of flame-resistant materials and include a clear window for viewing.

The donning procedures shall be quick and easy to allow for situations where there is little time to seek safety from a hazardous atmosphere.

All EEBD training units shall be clearly marked. Chapter 4 Fire extinguishers 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for fire extinguishers as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention. The mass of all portable fire extinguishers shall not exceed 23 kg and they shall have a fire-extinguishing capability at least equivalent to that of a 9 l fluid extinguisher. The nozzle shall be capable of producing effective foam suitable for extinguishing an oil fire, at the rate of at least 1.

Chapter 5 Fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems. Alternatively, a discharge pipe from the safety valves may be fitted and led directly to the open air. Suitable provisions shall be made to prevent inadvertent release of the medium into the space. Where a cargo space fitted with a gas fire-extinguishing system is used as a passenger space, the gas connection shall be blanked during such use. In addition, pipes passing through accommodation areas shall be joined only by welding and shall not be fitted with drains or other openings within such spaces.

The pipes shall not pass through refrigerated spaces. The pre-discharge alarm shall be automatically activated e. The alarm shall operate for the length of time needed to evacuate the space, but in no case less than 20 s before the medium is released.

Conventional cargo spaces and small spaces such as compressor rooms, paint lockers, etc. At each location there shall be clear instructions relating to the operation of the system having regard to the safety of personnel. One control shall be used for opening the valve of the piping which conveys the gas into the protected space and a second control shall be used to discharge the gas from its storage containers; and.

If the box containing the controls is to be locked, a key to the box shall be in a breakglass-type enclosure conspicuously located adjacent to the box. In addition to complying with the foregoing requirements, the systems in all respects shall be as determined by and to the satisfaction of the Administration. Chapter 6 Fixed foam fire-extinguishing systems 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for fixed foam fire-extinguishing systems as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention.

The quantity of foam- forming liquid available shall be sufficient to produce a volume of foam equal to five times the volume of the largest space to be protected. The expansion ratio of the foam shall not exceed to 1. If the foam-generators are located adjacent to the protected space, foam delivery ducts shall be installed to allow at least mm of separation between the generators and the protected space.

The foam delivery ducts shall be constructed of steel having a thickness of not less than 5 mm. In addition, stainless steel dampers single or multi-bladed with a thickness of not less than 3 mm shall be installed at the openings in the boundary bulkheads or decks between the foam generators and the protected space.

The dampers shall be automatically operated electrically, pneumatically or hydraulically by means of remote control of the foam generator related to them. The expansion ratio of the foam shall not exceed 12 to 1. The means for effective distribution of the foam shall be proven acceptable to the Administration through calculation or by testing.

Chapter 7 Fixed pressure water-spraying and water-mist fire-extinguishing systems. Where increased application rates are considered necessary, these shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration. The independent internal combustion machinery for driving the pump shall be so situated that a fire in the protected space or spaces will not affect the air supply to the machinery.

It shall not be possible for a fire in the space or spaces protected by the water-spraying system to put the system out of action. Where the sources of power for the pump are electrical, these shall be a main generator and an emergency source of power. One supply for the pump shall be taken from the main switchboard, and one from the emergency switchboard by separate feeders reserved solely for that purpose.

The feeders shall be so arranged as to avoid galleys, machinery spaces and other enclosed spaces of high fire risk except in so far as it is necessary to reach the appropriate switchboards, and shall be run to an automatic changeover switch situated near the sprinkler pump. This switch shall permit the supply of power from the main switchboard so long as a supply is available therefrom, and be so designed that upon failure of that supply it will automatically change over to the supply from the emergency switchboard.

The switches on the main switchboard and the emergency switchboard shall be clearly labeled and normally kept closed. No other switch shall be permitted in the feeders concerned. One of the sources of power supply for the alarm and detection system shall be an emergency source.

Where one of the sources of power for the pump is an internal combustion engine it shall, in addition to complying with the provisions of paragraph 2. If the pump is electrically driven, it shall be connected to the main source of electrical power, which shall be capable of being supplied by at least two generators.

IMO FSS CODE - INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS

The feeders shall be so arranged as to avoid galleys, machinery spaces and other enclosed spaces of high fire risk except in so far as it is necessary to reach the appropriate switchboards. Where one of the sources of power for the pump is an internal combustion engine, it shall, in addition to complying with the provisions of paragraph 2. The tank shall contain a standing charge of fresh water, equivalent to the amount of water which would be discharged in 1 min by the pump referred to in paragraph 2.

Suitable means of replenishing the air under pressure and of replenishing the fresh water charge in the tank shall be provided. A glass gauge shall be provided to indicate the correct level of the water in the tank.

The pump shall be brought into action automatically by the pressure drop in the system before the standing fresh water charge in the pressure tank is completely exhausted. The hydraulic capability of the system shall be confirmed by the review of hydraulic calculations, followed by a test of the system, if deemed necessary by the Administration. The effective area through the valve and pipe shall be adequate to permit the release of the required pump output while maintaining the pressure in the system specified in paragraph 2.

However, the Administration may permit such a section of sprinklers to serve more than two decks or be Situated in more than one main vertical zone, if it is satisfied that the protection of the ship against fire will not thereby be reduced. The stop-valve in each section shall be readily accessible in a location outside of the associated section or in cabinets within stairway enclosures.

The valve's location shall be dearly and permanently indicated. Means shall be provided to prevent the operation of the stop-valves by any unauthorized person. The test valve for each section shall be situated near the stop-valve for that section.

Such alarm systems shall be such as to indicate if any fault occurs in the system. Such units shall indicate in which section served by the system a fire has occurred and shall be centralized on the navigation bridge or in the continuously-manned central control station and, in addition, visible and audible alarms from the unit shall also be placed in a position other than on the aforementioned spaces to ensure that the indication of fire is immediately received by the crew.

However, the Administration may permit the use of sprinklers providing such an alternative amount of water suitably distributed as has been shown to the satisfaction of the Administration to be not less effective. Chapter 9 Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems. When this is not practical e. The supply shall be provided by separate feeders reserved solely for that purpose.

Such feeders shall run to an automatic change-over switch situated in, or adjacent to, the control panel for the fire detection system. Detectors operated by other factors indicative of incipient fires may be considered by the Administration provided that they are no less sensitive than such detectors. Flame detectors shall only be used in addition to smoke or heat detectors. Smoke detectors to be installed in other spaces shall operate within sensitivity limits to the satisfaction of the Administration having regard to the avoidance of detector insensitivity or oversensitivity.

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At higher rates of temperature rise, the heat detector shall operate within temperature limits to the satisfaction of the Administration having regard to the avoidance of detector insensitivity or oversensitivity. For fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems with remotely and individually identifiable fire detectors, a loop covering sections of fire detectors in accommodation, service spaces and control stations shall not include sections of fire detectors in machinery spaces of category A.

In order to avoid delay in identifying the source of fire, the number of enclosed spaces included in each section shall be limited as determined by the Administration. In no case shall more than 50 enclosed spaces be permitted in any section.

If the system is fitted with remotely and individually identifiable fire detectors, the sections may cover several decks and serve any number of enclosed spaces. In ships of less than 20 m in breadth, the same section of detectors may serve spaces on both sides of the ship.

In passenger ships fitted with individually identifiable fire detectors, a section may serve spaces on both sides of the ship and on several decks, but shall not be situated in more than one main vertical zone.

Positions near beams and ventilation ducts or other positions where patterns of air flow could adversely affect performance and positions where impact or physical damage is likely shall be avoided. Detectors which are located on the overhead shall be a minimum distance of 0.

Table 9.

If the signals have not received attention within 2 min, an audible alarm shall be automatically sounded throughout the crew accommodation and service spaces, control stations and machinery spaces of category A.

This alarm sounder system need not be an integral part of the detection system.

At least one unit shall be so located that it is easily accessible to responsible members of the crew at all times. One indicating unit shall be located on the navigation bridge if the control panel is located in the main ire control station.

Occurrence of a fault condition shall initiate a visual and audible fault signal at the control panel which shall be distinct from a fire signal. Chapter 10 Sample extraction smoke detection systems.

FSS Code - International Code for Fire Safety Systems

The fans shall be of sufficient capacity to operate under normal ventilation conditions in the protected area and shall give an overall response time to the satisfaction of the Administration.

However, where a space is designed to carry oil or refrigerated cargo alternatively with cargoes for which a smoke sampling system is required, means may be provided to isolate the smoke accumulators in such compartments for the system. Such means shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration. Where systems are used in spaces which may be mechanically ventilated, the position of the smoke accumulators shall be considered having regard to the effects of ventilation.

Any loss of power shall initiate a visual and audible signal at the control panel and the navigation bridge which shall be distinct from a signal indicating smoke detection.

Fire Safety Systems (FSS) Code, 2015 Edition

Chapter 11 Low-location lighting systems. Chapter 12 Fixed emergency fire pumps.

This chapter is not applicable to passenger ships of 1, gross tonnage and upwards. It shall not be necessary to move the containers completely from their fixing position for this purpose.

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For carbon dioxide systems, hanging bars for a weighing device above each bottle row, or other means shall be provided. For other types of extinguishing media, suitable surface indicators may be used.

System flow calculations shall be performed using a calculation technique acceptable to the Administration. The piping and associated equipment shall be adequately supported. Suitable provisions shall be made to prevent inadvertent release of the medium into the space. Where a cargo space fitted with a gas fire-extinguishing system is used as a passenger space, the gas connection shall be blanked during such use. In addition, pipes passing through accommodation areas shall be joined only by welding and shall not be fitted with drains or other openings within such spaces.

The pipes shall not pass through refrigerated spaces. The audible alarms shall be located so as to be audible throughout the protected space with all machinery operating, and the alarms should be distinguished from other audible alarms by adjustment of sound pressure or sound patterns.

The pre-discharge alarm shall be automatically activated e. The alarm shall operate for the length of time needed to evacuate the space, but in no case less than 20 s before the medium is released. Conventional cargo spaces and small spaces such as compressor rooms, paint lockers, etc.

At each location there shall be clear instructions relating to the operation of the system having regard to the safety of personnel. Adjacent spaces with independent ventilation systems not separated by at least A-0 class divisions should be considered as the same space.In positioning the fixed sampling points, due regard should also be given to the density of vapours of the oil products intended to be transported and the dilution from space purging or ventilation.

Expectations for student behaviour will be taught and reinforced on a regular basis throughout the school year. All electrical components directly connected to the foam generators shall have at least an IP 54 rating. Why not share! At higher rates of temperature rise, the heat detector shall operate within temperature limits to the satisfaction of the Administration having regard to the avoidance of detector insensitivity or oversensitivity.

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