EMBROIDERY STITCHES PDF
Hand embroidery is a craft that spans cultures and generations. It produces decorative and intricate stitches that are actually quite simple once you learn. 99 Embroidery Stitches - Free download as PDF File .pdf) or read online for free. This book is an exclusive collection of basic stitches that would help you to. Home > Hand Embroidery Patterns > Embroidery Stitches Free PDF Book. Downloading free PDF books is so easy, you'll wonder why you never thought of it before! This Embroidery Stitches Free PDF Book features easy picture tutorials for six hand embroidery techniques, including the.
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Avoid running the thread across the back of the fabric to go to a new stitching area, instead start and stop in each section to assure that running threads don't. There are three basic ways of threading an your embroidery. A needle threader has a loop of fine wire at stitches (page 3) to anchor the thread in an one end. Downloading free PDF books is so easy, you'll wonder why you never thought of it before! This Embroidery Stitches Free PDF Book features easy picture.
Old clothes can get a new lease of life by adding just a dash of embroidery.
All basic embroidery stitches are easy. What may appear to be a difficult or complicated work is a result of a well thought out of plan.
How To Embroider By Hand
Several basic stitches can be combined to produce a rich embroidered piece. We will describe the three types of embroidery stitches, which are chosen for this study. Satin Stitch, Couching stitch and Crossed back stitch . Satin Stitch It is basically a filling stitch. The thread is taken out in front and back equally. It gives a very smooth finish to the embroidery.
These are straight stitches worked slantwise. For straight areas, work slantwise from top to bottom; for a small circle, work long stitches vertically, centre first, then fill each side; for leaf shapes, work diagonally, starting from the left edge Figure 1-a.
Impact Factor JCC : 3. It can be used thick yarns or wool yarns then fixed string with another embroidery threads and a different color to look nicer Figure 1-b.
Crossed Back Stitch Crossed back stitch or shadow stitch on the right side is resembles two rows of backstitch and on the wrong side the catch stitch. Slant the needle the same as if making a catch stitch, make a single back stitch, first on the lower side and then diagonally across on the upper side.
Work this stitch on transparent material so the crossing of threads shows through to right side. This stitch is often called herringbone stitch when are worked on right side Figure 1-c. Three types of embroidery stitches Satin stitch, Couching stitch and Crossed back stitch were applied on the fabric with two different methods machine and handmade.
The reason for selecting these stitches is that they can be produced by machine and handmade.
For the crossed back stitch produced by machine, we select a motive stitch, which is look like the crossed back stitch. Investigated embroidery stitches were shown in figure 1.
For machine embroidery two levels of stitch density, distance between every sequent penetration of the needle, 0. The Embroidery stitches were in the form of longitudinal mid-area of the samples with Column width 0.
For all fabric samples physical properties bending stiffness - thickness - weight per unit area and mechanical properties tensile strength and elongation were tested. Shirley stiffness device is used to carry out the bending length and the bending stiffness is calculated according to DIN The Pilling resistance was tested for all samples according to ASTM D , but the results indicate that no pilling was occurred at the surface of all embroidered samples.
This result refers to the embroidery threads, which are equipped with a shiny surface through the burn pile or add a waxy substance.
For that reason we did not give a lot of attention to result of this test in the discussion. For the method of machine embroidery two varieties are done and tested, distance 0. The results pointed that, both of the weight per unit area and the thickness are bigger by the level of 0.
It is obvious that the satin stitch records the highest value, then the couching stitch and at the end comes the crossed back stitch. For the crossed back stitch, we could not control the two levels 0. To make a comparison between the influences of the handmade embroidery and machine embroidery on the weight per unit area and the thickness we choose the results of the distance 0. The result is shown in figure 2 and figure 3. They confirm that, the both of the weight and the thickness are increased by adding the embroidery stitches in general.
Satin stitch recorded the highest value then the couching stitch and at the last the crossed back stitch. It is obviously that the handmade embroidery caused more increasing in the weight and the thickness of fabrics than the machine embroidery.
While similar to counted thread in regards to technique, in canvas work or needlepoint , threads are stitched through a fabric mesh to create a dense pattern that completely covers the foundation fabric. Embroidery can also be classified by the similarity of appearance.
In drawn thread work and cutwork , the foundation fabric is deformed or cut away to create holes that are then embellished with embroidery, often with thread in the same color as the foundation fabric. When created with white thread on white linen or cotton, this work is collectively referred to as whitework. Hardanger embroidery is a counted embroidery and the designs are often geometric. Phulkari embroidery, popular since at least the 15th century, is traditionally done on hand-spun cotton cloth with simple darning stitches using silk floss.
Laid threads, a surface technique in wool on linen. The Bayeux Tapestry , 11th century.
The fabrics and yarns used in traditional embroidery vary from place to place. Wool , linen , and silk have been in use for thousands of years for both fabric and yarn.
Today, embroidery thread is manufactured in cotton , rayon , and novelty yarns as well as in traditional wool, linen, and silk.
Embroidery Stitches Free PDF Book
Canvas work techniques, in which large amounts of yarn are buried on the back of the work, use more materials but provide a sturdier and more substantial finished textile.
Modern canvas work tends to follow symmetrical counted stitching patterns with designs emerging from the repetition of one or just a few similar stitches in a variety of hues. In contrast, many forms of surface embroidery make use of a wide range of stitching patterns in a single piece of work.
Contemporary embroidery is stitched with a computerized embroidery machine using patterns digitized with embroidery software. In machine embroidery , different types of "fills" add texture and design to the finished work. Machine embroidery is used to add logos and monograms to business shirts or jackets, gifts, and team apparel as well as to decorate household linens, draperies, and decorator fabrics that mimic the elaborate hand embroidery of the past.
Machine embroidery is most typically done with rayon thread , although polyester thread can also be used. Cotton thread, on the other hand, is prone to breaking and should be avoided if under 30 wt. Download PDF booklet here This is a tiny stitch guide of some basic embroidery stitches.
A color printer is also recommended. Reproduction of these patterns and resources, except for patterns and directions, are strictly prohibited by US and International copyright law. No part of these patterns may be reproduced in print or electronically, including, but not limited to instructions and photographs. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, microfilming, recording or otherwise, without the permission of the author.
Basically- personal use only. Thank you! Related Posts Tutorial: Linen Heart Embroidery Sampler Ornament.
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Posted in Sewing Creations and tagged embroidery , embroidery stitch guide , embroidery stitches , embroidery-and-felt , feltandembroidery , free printable , hand embroidery , hand embroidery printable , handwork , pocket size , printable , stitch guide , tutorial. Finally directions for stitches on one page.In machine embroidery , different types of "fills" add texture and design to the finished work.
For machine embroidery two levels of stitch density, distance between every sequent penetration of the needle, 0. The book is mostly design. Laid threads, a surface technique in wool on linen. All changes will be effective upon posting to the Service.
Project of the Day. The main categories are free or surface embroidery, counted embroidery, and needlepoint or canvas work. Help others by adding images to this pattern.