THE NEW ENCYCLOPEDIA OF STAGE HYPNOTISM PDF
The New Encyclopedia of Stage Hypnotism Ormond McGill Crown House Publishing Limited ppti.infoouse. First published by Crown. The New. Encyclopedia of. Stage Hypnotism. Ormond McGill. MS, Mental Health Counseling. Adjunct Professor, Department of Human Services (Counseling). Editorial Reviews. Review. "The most extensive book ever to be published on stage hypnotism. Truly a goldmine of knowledge." --Paul McKenna. About the.
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Ormond McGill is known world-wide as the Dean of American Hypnotists and is the author of the famous book Professional Stage Hypnotism. He is a magician. The New Encyclopedia of Stage Hypnotism book. Read 6 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Focusing on stage hypnotism, the author of t. The New Encyclopedia of Stage Hypnotism by Ormond McGill, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.
Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other: Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Focusing on stage hypnotism, the author of this text aims to demystify hypnosis, and dispell many of the myths associated with it. Get A Copy. Hardcover , pages. More Details Original Title. Other Editions 2.
Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. Sort order. Jan 12, Alan rated it it was amazing. A definitive book, that should be on the shelf of anyone interested in hypnosis or mentalism. Like gravity the art of presenting a good performance, or inducing hypnosis has not changed in the past few years.
In fact the art of performance if anything has been lost. As a wise man once said, a house is only as good as the foundations it is built on. There is no firmer foundations than Ormond McGill.
Oct 11, Bill Whitcomb rated it really liked it. A fantastic compendium of hypnosis techniques. It includes solid basics about hypnosis, applications for stage shows, and lists numerous suggestions for use by the stage hypnotist. This seems to be an accumulation of all of Ormond McGill's past stage hypnosis books.
S Siegel, M. Every family should have a copy. It can be a lifesaver. Rhue, Judith W. Handbook of Clinical Hypnosis. Washington, D. You cannot fail If you perform correctly, there is no such word as fail. Study conscientiously and you will be on your way to a successful career in hypnotism.
Introduction Stage hypnotism provides fascinating entertainment. It combines the mysterious with human interest producing a behavioural programme that is amazing, amusing and thought provoking. Properly presented stage hypnotism provides quality entertainment which emphasises the work done in medical and academic fields, and lifts the science of hypnotism to the status of an art.
Few forms of entertaining are more basically appealing than the hypnotic exhibition, as people like people; and, as the hypnotism show is devoted entirely to audience participation entertainment, the show is very inter- esting to watch and every programme is different since the cast on stage is different.
There is something so warmly human, and at the same time verging on the magical which causes hypnotism to stand unique on the entertain- ment spectrum. An audience will be literally convulsed with laughter in watching the fun-filled antics of hypnotised subject on stage; a few min- utes later, that same audience will lean forward in their seats staring in wonder at the mental phenomena unfolding before their eyes.
The hypnotism stage show is an action show based on the greatest won- der and mystery of all the human mind. Hypnotism demonstrates the magic-of-the-mind.
This book provides consecutive instructions in how to become an expert hypnotic entertainer presenting a remarkable programme for all manner of performing situations. The performer will find a wealth of information for presenting successfully stage hypnotism. Making knowledge entertaining is the best way to learn. However hypnotism must never be regarded as a toy that one plays with.
The human mind is a delicate instrument which must be handled with great care. The hypnotist has a legal and a moral obligation to approach the performance of hypnotism in a completely ethical manner and to appreciate that the most important person in his or her presentation is the subject s and not himself. Chapter One Understanding Hypnotism Before you can learn to do anything well, you have to have some knowl- edge of what you do. And so What is Hypnotism? Hypnotism is much like electricity.
No one knows for sure just what it is, but we use it anyway. Assuredly it has power. Basically hypnosis may be regarded as a state of mind conducive to subconscious behaviour rather than more normally regarded conscious behaviour.
Hypnotism is the means of inducing that subconsciously responsive state of mind. Possibly hypnosis is best understood by regarding it as a way of programming the mind so that it functions through the automatic nervous system rather than the sympathetic nervous system of the body, as is most noticeably the case in everyday behaviour. Gaining some understanding of the characteristics and theory of hypno- sis will both make you a better hypnotist and provide interesting material to explain to your audience during the course of your show.
The more you can educate while you entertain the better stage hypnotist you will be. Characteristics of Hypnosis Absolute Fixation ofAttention According to experiments published in the American Journal ofPsychology, entering the state of hypnosis consists in gradually limiting the field of attention until a perfectly concentrated and unvarying focus is reached.
Attention in the waking and hypnotic state is represented, in one case, by a wide curve with a broad hump in it as illustrated in Graph A , repre- senting the fact that we are conscious to many different stimuli at the same time in varying degrees of intensity with the peak of the hump at the focus of attention, and, in the other case, by a single spikelike peak in an otherwise flat curve illustrated in Graph B. Entering hypnosis has resulted in so narrowing the field of attention that only a very small range of stimuli is perceived, and this range is determined by the suggestions of the hypnotist.
The New Encyclopedia of Stage Hypnotism Graph A Graph B Hyperacuity of Senses Within the Field ofAttention Numerous experiments on seeing, hearing, feeling and other sensory perceptions show that they are much more accurate and active when attention is directed to them in the hypnotic state.
The logical powers of the mind are also greatly enhanced, and deductions may be performed with remarkable accuracy. The comparison between the waking and hyp- notic state is the same as the comparison between a shotgun and a rifle. Artificial Control ofReflexes and Subconscious Nervous Activity By hypnotic suggestion the pulse rate may be altered, an area of the body anaesthetized, menstrual periods be regulated, time of childbirth deter- mined, and such automatic bodily functions controlled.
Loss ofAutonomy Resulting From Diminishing Conscious Control The hypnotised person elects to relinquish his autonomy and chooses to allow the hypnotist to direct his course of action, as long as the sugges- tions presented do not run counter to powerful tendencies or the moral nature of the subject.
When such suggestions are given, the subject either refuses to respond to them or frequently will "awaken" from the hypnosis. Susceptibility to Posthypnotic Responses Suggestions given under hypnosis for actions to be performed after the subject awakens will be performed, if the subject was deeply enough entranced, often with amnesia resulting, provided that these suggestions do not violate the conditions mentioned in the foregoing characteristic.
Understanding Hypnotism From a study of the characteristics of the hypnotic state here listed, it is obvious that whatever method is employed to produce hypnosis, it must include factors that will produce hyperacuity of the faculties of the individual hypnotised, and which will give control over subconscious nervous activity, simultaneously providing a response to the posthyp- notic influence.
Some Theory on Hypnotism There was a time in the history of hypnotism when the practice was shrouded in much mystery and it was believed that the hypnotist was all-powerful with complete dominance over the subject.
Then the pendulum swung to the opposite extreme and there was a ten- dency to oversimplify hypnotic phenomena as being entirely induced by the subject in himself. The role of the hypnotist being relegated as being scarcely more than a "recording" presenting the suggestions. Today, the pendulum of understanding of hypnotism has sought the middle road in regarding both the hypnotist and the subject as important factors in the production of hypnosis.
It is a dynamic situation developed between hypnotist and subject. In other words, the hypnotic situation can be regarded as one of cooper- ation and trust between hypnotist and the subject in which each has a special role to perform to achieve together a most remarkable mental con- dition of the state of mind termed hypnosis trance.
In relation to stage hypnotism, there are mainly two facets of the phe- nomenon of pertinent interest: Waking Hypnosis Waking Suggestion Experiments ; 2. Artificial Somnambulism referred to as Hypnosis. Both of these facets call into action the subconscious phase of mind. Most Waking Hypnosis calls into action behaviour prior to the complete shift of con- sciousness while Somnambulistic Hypnosis calls into action subjective behaviour after the shift of consciousness has occurred.
However, this shifting from objective consciousness to subjective consciousness can be of such a subtle nature that it is often difficult to differentiate between the two, other than by observation of the intensity of the phenomena pro- duced. There is a blending, which is why the stage hypnotist will often find it to his advantage to start with experiments in Waking Hypnosis prior to proceeding on to deeper phenomena.
Such provides a learning 11 The New Encyclopedia of Stage Hypnotism process, enabling the mind of the subject to move gracefully from con- scious to subconscious activity. Basically hypnosis can be regarded as a state of mind produced by the transference from one level of consciousness to another; a state with capacities for mental activities distinctly its own directly keyed to the automatic nervous system rather than the sympathetic central nervous system , as was previously observed, productive of the state of mind of somnambulism, i.
When somnambulism occurs in spontaneous form it is known as "sleep walking" or "sleep talking". The close alliance between natural som- nambulism and hypnosis is obvious from the fact that but a few sugges- tions from the hypnotist will readily capture the attention of the natural somnambulist, and, through establishing a rapport, quickly transfer the former into hypnosis. The somnambulist then responds to the directions of the hypnotist. Hypnotising may be said to be a means of deliberately induced somnambulism in the subject.
It is well termed "artificial somnambu- lism". Possibly it could be more accurately referred to as "guided somnambulism".
The point of a rapport developing between the hypnotist and subject is important to consider as it is universal to hypnosis in providing the avenue of communication to the altered level of consciousness produced by the hypnotising process. It may be said that an en-rapport relationship exists throughout hypnosis, either between the subject and hypnotist in the case of hetero-hypnosis or with the subject with himself in the case of self-hypnosis.
Unique as the state of mind of hypnosis is, it is not an isolated function of mind. Manifestations of it are found in all walks of life and in all phases of society, from the most primitive to the most civilised. Native trance dances, voodoo and hexing are primitive applications of the state; faith cures, ecstasy and miraculous healings are religious applications; psychosomatic medicine and psychotherapy are psychological applica- tions of the state. Each and all are at their roots the same, each being but a different road that leads to artificially induced somnambulism.
This state of mind is characterised by extreme suggestibility focused strongly in the direction of the special suggestions played upon it. A study of hypnotism will reveal some of the phenomena observable in a variety of abnormal psychological states as found in the insanities, i. Understanding Hypnotism delusions, illusions, hallucinations, catalepsies, personality alterations, etc. The major difference is that in insanity these mental aberrations are the product of a mind "running wild", as it were, while in hypnosis such phenomena are produced under control and as directed A study of the phenomena of hypnotism reveals many of the remarkable things the human mind is capable of accomplishing.
Chapter Two The Power of Suggestion Suggestion, in the hypnotic sense, is the subconscious realisation of an idea. The mastery of the effective use of suggestion is extremely impor- tant to your success as a stage hypnotist, as suggestions as previously mentioned is both the means of inducing the state of hypnosis and of con- trolling the state induced. Suggestion provides the means of directing the subconscious phase of mind, so the more you become aware of the nature of the subconscious, the rules of suggestion operation and how to give suggestions that influ- ence, the more expert hypnotist you will become.
These thoughts on the power of suggestion will be helpful to your mastery of stage hypnotism: The subconscious part of our mind may be likened to the storehouse of our memories. It is not unlike the "memory bank" of a computer in oper- ation. It is where every experience we have had from earliest infancy to the last hour of life is filed. Recent research in hypnosis even reveals the possibility that memories of previous lifetimes are filed therein. These memories, however, are not passive; they are vitally active, each forming a thread in the texture of our personality, the total of these impressions being the nature of the individual.
The subconscious is also a dynamo. It is dominated by emotion, and emo- tion is the driving force of life.
It is the energy source for conscious thought and action and for the performance of the vital functions of the body. The subconscious plays the role of supervisor over our body's physical processes. Digestion, assimilation, the circulation of the blood, the actions of the lungs, the heart, the kidneys and all the vital organs are controlled by its agency.
The subconscious never sleeps; indeed, during sleep it seems to be more alert and active than it is during our waking hours, and is on constant vigil to protect the individual. The two facets of mind, conscious and subconscious, are in perpetual interaction.
If we consciously think a thought idea and cause it to be accepted by the subconscious, the idea will spontaneously go into action to produce its effect. If it is a beautiful thought, we are so much the bet- ter. If it is a diseased thought we are so much the worse, because, unlike consciousness, the subconscious has no selective power. Whatever is pre- sented to it is accepted and automatically acted upon. It is in the process 15 The New Encyclopedia of Stage Hypnotism of this transformation of a thought into an element of our life that we make use of the power of suggestion.
Since the phenomenon is a normal part of the mind's action, we can easily find evidence of its working in our daily experiences. Remember this rule of operation: This rule is constantly manifested in stage hypnotism.
The New Encyclopedia of Stage Hypnotism
The thoughts we think determine not only our mental states, our senti- ments and emotions but also the delicate actions and adjustments of our physical bodies. Trembling, palpitation, stammering, blushing and the variety of pathological states which occur in neuroses are all due to mod- ifications and changes in the blood flow, in muscular action and in the working of the vital organs.
These changes are not voluntary and con- scious ones; they are determined by the capacities invested in the sub- conscious phase in our mind, and come to us often with a shock of surprise.
If we can get the subconscious to accept an idea, realisation follows auto- matically. But, for any idea to so enter subconsciousness it must be charged, to a greater or lesser extent, with emotion. This is where so many of the "thinking fads" fall down, for it is not the thinking of ideas that is of paramount importance, but the emotional drive that is given to the thought!
For this reason, ideas that are directly associated with our personal inter- est are the ones most likely to carry the greatest suggestive influence. Ideas related to health, success, money or a goal in life dear to our heart all carry emotional impact, and the greater the degree of emotion attached to it the more potently the Power of Suggestion can affect it.
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The ready acceptance or rejection of an idea by the subconscious depends largely on the associations connected with the idea. Thus, an idea is most readily accepted when it ties in with similar emotionally charged ideas already seated within the mind, and tends to be rejected when it is con- trary to ideas previously established. Suggestions, it will be observed, are seen to be emotionally charged ideas, and this fact brings to attention another operating process of the power of suggestion: A suggestion is accepted when it is not countered by other suggestions already established in the mind.
The Power of Suggestion If this operating process is true, how then is it possible for a person who has unwanted ideas such as various bad habits firmly established in his mind to make use of suggestion to counteract them?
On this point, we must look upon the subconscious as a tide which ebbs and flows. In sleep, it seems to submerge consciousness altogether, while at moments of full wakefulness the tide is at its lowest ebb.
Between these two extremes are any number of intermediary levels. When we are drowsy, dreamy, lulled into a gentle reverie by music, etc. On the other hand, the more wakeful and alert we become the lower it sinks. The submergence of consciousness causes an outcropping of the subconscious. Hypnosis does this in a controlled manner. This "outcropping of the subconscious" are desirable times in which to effectively implant suggestions in the mind and have them become part of one's personality.
During such times contrary associations do not seem to take place, and established suggestions in the mind lose their strength to resist the influx of new suggestions. The power and emotional drive of hypnotically inspired suggestions are such that the enrooted unwanted suggestions may be weeded out from the soil of mind and fresh ones planted, so that on the resumption of normal consciousness a new "flower of thought" will be growing in place of the old.
This brings us to another important process in the operation of sugges- tion: You can prove this for yourself by performing a little experiment.
Take a plank of wood, about six inches wide and twelve feet long, and place it on the floor of your room. Now, try walking along the plank from one end to the other. You can do it easily. Now, take that very same plank and place it over the canyon between two tall buildings and try walking over it. You take a few timid steps out upon it; and, unless you make a hasty retreat, your life is in danger.
Why this change in your reactions? The new position of the plank has aroused in your mind the suggestion of the idea of falling, an idea that is coloured with the emotion of danger to your life. Immediately your subconscious goes into action and accepts the idea of a possible fall.
With your will you try to battle against the impulse to fall. Logic tells you that you have just walked over that very same board so there is no reason why you can't do it now just as you did before. But, reason about it as you will, the more you think about not 17 The New Encyclopedia of Stage Hypnotism falling, the more the counter-idea that you will fall is aroused. Were you to stubbornly persist in taking the risk, you could lose your life. As the famous French autosuggestionist, Emil Coue expressed it: In the conflict between the will and the imagination, the force of the imagination is in direct ratio to the square of the will.
Thus, the will turns out to be not the commanding monarch of life, as many people would have it, but a blind Samson, capable of either turning the mill or of pulling down the pillars.
Hypnosis provides an excellent means for programming the subcon- scious as it succeeds in avoiding this conflict between our ideas and our will. It replaces wrong thoughts by right thoughts, literally by not resist- ing the unwanted thoughts, but by overpowering "bad" thoughts by "good" thoughts. This procedure in no sense devaluates one's "will power", it merely relegates it to its proper place. Will is under the direction of our consciousness; and, for it to operate effectively and efficiently, it must be in harmony with the ideas rooted in the subconscious.
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Of itself, will power can never uproot any subconsciously implanted ideas as it does not have that capacity. However, it can locate the ideas that are unwanted, it can locate thoughts that are needed, and it can direct the deliberate process that will result in an injurious idea's removal and the implanting of a new and desirable one in its place. It must be always remembered that the foregoing process of using con- scious to benefit oneself in such regard can take place only through it cooperation with the innate capacities of the subconscious mind.
Hypnosis provides our gardening tools for the successful cultivation of the fertile field of the subconscious to raise a full crop of better living and personal achievement.
This information relative to subconscious mind and how suggestion psychologically performs is presented not only to increase your under- standing of hypnosis and how it operates through the power of suggestions but equally is useful in providing you good patter material to use in your show, as the more you can inform your audience correctly on these matters, the more signifi- cance your show takes on, as you develop your skill as a stage hypnotist. Chapter Three Presenting Suggestions that Influence Suggestions carry an amazing amount of influence.
An incident is told of a college student who was killed by its power. At a fraternity initiation a young man was blindfolded, and, after the usual emotion arousing pro- ceedings, was told that he was to have his head chopped off.
His head was then placed on the block and viciously the knife slashed into his neck. It was actually only a wet towel, but the victim died of heart failure.
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His subconscious had accepted the idea that the knife was real, and when the towel descended it ended his life just as death would have followed a genuine decapitation. The fact that suggestion can produce physical responses in our body can be easily shown by simply thinking of a sour lemon, and noticing how the thought spontaneously starts the flow of saliva within the mouth.
Or think of itchy sensations about your body, and feel the itches commence. During your hypnotism show you can even use these simple experiments to illustrate to the audience how suggestions operate. But not every person who takes part in a college initiation, as above described, would die as the result of the damp towel striking across the neck.
This brings us to a basic law in the operation of this power. Every suggestive idea which enters the consciousness, if it is accepted by the subconscious, is automatically transformed by it into a reality and becomes an element in our life. In the qualifying phrase, if it is accepted by the subconscious, lies the heart of the power of suggestion.
There are ways to present suggestions that will cause them to be most accepted; in such are found the secrets of how to present suggestions that influence.
Timing Proper timing of the presentation of a suggestion by the hypnotist is important. In other words, you do not usually want to tell the subject that something is happening before it has happened. A good rule is that if you see indications that a certain reaction is going to take place at any 19 The New Encyclopedia of Stage Hypnotism moment, then you can suggest that it is taking place. Otherwise, and often this is preferable, you should introduce the event as a future possi- bility and work up to its occurrence more or less gradually.
Repetition Repetition is the driving force of suggestion. It is cumulative in its effect. Further, it prevents the hypnotist getting ahead too fast and out of proper timing in giving his suggestions to the subject, as well as having a certain monotony about it that is, in itself, hypnotic in effect. Delivery Proper delivery of the suggestions is likewise fundamental to their acceptance.
In this regard, tone, inflection and phrasing all have their places, the major purpose of all being to focus the subject's attention on the suggested phenomena desired to occur. There are instances when a rapid-fire barrage of suggestions is indicated; conversely, there are times when a slower pace of insistence will prove most effective. There are times when it is well to challenge the subject to try to resist the influence, the very inability the subject finds in not being able to do so enforcing the effectiveness of the suggestion.
And there are times when the very oppo- site of challenging is desired, an earnest persuasion providing the best suggestion. How is one to know which delivery is best? In that "knowing" comes mastery of the art.
Experience will be your teacher. Means of Increasing the Influence of Suggestions A. Combining of Suggestions The combining of suggestions is compounding in effect. For example, to tell a subject that his arm is rigid and that he cannot bend it, but that when you snap your finger his arm will instantly relax and will drop into his lap, and when it falls into his lap he will go even more deeply into hypnosis is a compounding of suggestion.
Notice how each suggestion used in combination reinforces the next building towards the desired response. Training the Subject in Suggestive Responsiveness Every individual has a certain potential to be influenced by suggestions.
This potential may be increased or decreased by training through a grad- 20 Presenting Suggestions that Influence uating response to suggestion. If the suggestions succeed, the sug- gestibility ratio is increased; if they fail, the reverse is the case.
For this reason, it is often well to train subjects in successful suggestive respon- siveness by allowing them to proceed from simpler tests gradually on to the more difficult. Voluntary Actions to Increase Suggestibility A voluntary response to a suggestions has an influence in increasing an involuntary response.
In the practical application to the performing hyp- notist, the use of this principle lies in instructing the subject to do certain things that he must comply with before presenting hypnotic suggestions. For example, to sit down, to place his feet flat on the floor and rest his hands in his lap, etc. Obedience to such commands tends to get the subject to act upon your suggestions uncritically, which has a carry-over effect to the acceptance of your subsequent hypnotic suggestions.
Deep Breathing to Increase Suggestibility This is a further refinement of a voluntary action increasing suggestibil- ity in this case, deep, rhythmic breathing on the part of the subject, as requested by the hypnotist.
Further, deep breathing floods the brain with oxygen producing a slight dizzying effect, producing a state of mind more open to suggestions. The Counting Technique Giving a certain number for the occurrence of a suggested action is effec- tive in causing its response to occur. People are used to things happening at "the count of three".
The principle of stating that a suggested effect will occur at such and such a time on cue, as it were, often intensifies the suggestive influence. Nonverbal Suggestions These consist of all suggestive influences exerted by the operator other than verbal suggestions, i. The use of nonverbal suggestions is very important to the hypnotist, and their use should be developed to become an intimate part of his suggestive pattern combined with verbal suggestions.
Mass Group Suggestions The influence of suggestion upon a group is frequently more marked than when working with a solo subject. The element of self-conscious- ness is eliminated when being part of a crowd; also the factor of imitation is present.
Seeing the suggestions working upon another has a strong effect favouring its working upon oneself. Come to have a great appreciation for words. Words form the backbone of suggestions.
Words are "triggers to action". That is, we have become so conditioned to words that our response to them is automatic.The operation of the two energies in combination is what Mesmer referred to as "animal magnetism". Experience will be your teacher. It is possible to revive recollection of circumstances and impressions long past, the images of which have been completely lost to ordinary memory, and which are not recoverable in the normal state of mind. To Adventure into the Unknown The sexes are about equal in their responsiveness to hypnosis.
Its coverage is encyclopedic in scope: Part One dealing with Mastering Hypnotising and Part Two dealing with Entertaining With Hypnotism, providing a book that is paramount in its field.