LACAN PDF PORTUGUES
texto em Português; nova página do texto(beta); Inglês (pdf) | Português (pdf) Throughout his teaching, Lacan referred at least twice to Parmenides, Plato's. The present work aims to show how Jacques Lacan carried out the reading of Plato's Parmenides in order to develop a logic based on the non-relationship and . Lacan, Poe, and French Theory Lydia H. Liu. A short text comes to our aid, from Edgar Poe, which the cyberneticists, I noticed, make something of. The text is in.
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Keywords: transitional object; object a; object relation; Winnicott; Lacan. Este artigo se propõe a mostrar possíveis aproximações entre o conceito de objeto a. ppti.info (Mb) Resumo. The present work seeks to elucidate the notion of Real in Lacan, from the first writings to the seminar VII, The Ethics of the . Este primeiro volume de Psicopatologia lacaniana, dedicado à semiologia, nasceu da constatação de que a literatura clínica disponível em língua portuguesa.
That is, they do not relate to each other. Secondly, by simply removing one of the circles so that the chain falls apart. However, in the borromean chain of three, the registers real, imaginary and symbolic are equivalent, any ring can take the place of the other, and the structure is in need of guidance. Well, three indistinct consistencies do not allow the subject to be represented by a signifier to another signifier, as they are confronted either with an absolute signifier, separated from the others, or with a signifier that represents all the others, without any differences.
For guidance, a subjective space representation, Lacan will determine that another ring is necessary. A duplication of the symbolic ring, this fourth ring has the function of giving a name to the hole of the symbolic, of substituting the inexistence of sexual intercourse.
From the swarm " essaim ", in French homophonic to S1 of signifiers, it is necessary that at least One stands out, makes an exception, and works as a base so that the signifying chain preserves its referral function. The function of naming that Lacan assigns to the father who nominates: Naming always fails, therefore it is symptomatic and thus implies the unconscious.
When a name intends to nominate all jouissance, just like the despot, it precludes the unconscious, the desire. In this change of perspective, it is altogether for Lacan something like "Instead of examining one signifier, examine the signifier One , p. Let's go back now to " Yad'lun ". He calls our attention that this an ontologically "weak" phrase, neutral, and states that there is but not that it is , he changes into a question the relationship between the One and Being, between ontology the doctrine of the being and henology the doctrine of the One.
Therefore, to assert Yad'lun is to admit that language is discernible, and that there is a signifier: When Gertrude Stein was asked why she had written "A rose is a rose is a rose", she replied that, by repeating such a used word, she could then make the rose red again for the first time in over a hundred years in English poetry An eminently ambiguous proposition, Yad'lun does not include only the One of the symbolic, but also the One of the imaginary, of the similarity, of the merger, of the whole.
The fact that a signifier refers to another signifier is the principle on which free association is based, and this is where the One of the symbolic dissolves the imaginary units. But it hides that there is no relationship, but a separation among the elements of the signifying chain. Yad'lun originates this One of the cut, of the non-relation, that Lacan calls the real One in Rather a letter than a signifier, the real One is not intertwined with the multiplicity that, through this One, is unified and distinguished.
Although it merges the units of meaning, it does not lie in the units that it differentiates. With this, for the Lacan of Lacan turns to Parmenides of Plato to build his logic. But, why Parmenides, why Plato? It's because each one of them took a step that Lacan considers conclusive. As to Parmenides,. Because a step had already been taken by Parmenides in this milieu where what was at stake in short was to know what was involved in the Real.
We are all still there. After it had been said that there was air, water, earth, fire and that after that you just start up again, there was someone who noticed that, that the only common factor in all this substance that was at stake, was that it was sayable. Thus, Parmenides made a cut in relation to all these discourses that tried to establish the being in a principle.
He says that what's common among the beings is that they are sayable, it is the saying. Referring to Parmenides, Lacan adds the step of Plato:. The step taken by Plato is different. It is to show that once you begin to say it in an articulated fashion, what is outlined in terms of structure, as we would say in our Eidos, which is wrongly translated as form, is something that already promises a tightening up, a circumscribing of what exists as a gap in what is said.
For Lacan, the Platonic idea anticipates the signifier, works the real not as chaos but as a gap that its articulation tries to encircle, thus outside the framework of representation.
However, Lacan surprises us saying soon after that Plato is "A bit stupid".
How come, Plato stupid? This leaves us a clue that the stupid "Wavers between two discourses" idem, ibidem. Which of those two would Plato waver? As we have seen, the second scene of Act one of Parmenides deploys precisely the criticism made by the philosopher under this name to the weaknesses of the theory of "participation" as an answer to the problem of the relationship between things and ideas.
In its irony, the dialogue thus breaks the seam between the discourse of the One and the discourse of Being brought by the theory of participation, so that we are led to the abyss of the non-being, of the impossibility of ontology.
Those are the concepts of the One, the Other, Being, the All e Not All and that Lacan will elicit from the reading of Parmenides , with the aim of forging what he calls "New logic - the one to be constructed from that which is not" , p. It is a logic of singularity, of the one by one, what might explain the refusal of ontology, identified by Lacan in the discourse of the master: Let us now turn to the hypotheses about the multiple unit raised in Parmenides.
Due to the impossibility to present the nine hypotheses in the space of an article, we will highlight just two of them. On the first hypothesis, "if it's one", we have seen that the verb to be here carries out the function of the copula.
Therefore, it must be read as "if one is one", a statement in which the signifier one predicates itself. From this hypothesis, one can infer in the referred dialogue that the one is not multiple, is not a whole nor has parts, that is not knowable or electable and that "it does not even have the necessary being to be one".
The nor were multiplied to emphasize that the One is impredicable, it does not copulate with any other signifier. So we have a disjunction between Being and the One which we can represent by drawing two circles whose intersection is empty.
Analytical judgment that destroys the entity itself on which it affects, the first hypothesis leads to an impredicable One, the One beyond the being that the Neoplatonic Damascius will call "ineffable", a bladeless knife without a handle As for the second hypothesis, "if one is", it positions an existence, it is a sense of existence that Lacan translates as Yad'lun.
This second hypothesis claims a reality, Yad'lun , to which all the predicates are assigned. Therefore, the intersection Being and the One is not empty. Of course, this One without the predicates of the first hypothesis brings us to the barred subject of psychoanalysis, who lacks no substance, and is represented by one signifier to another signifier.
As for the Yad'lun of the second hypothesis, it takes us to the buzz of the swarm of the signifiers of lalingua, a prerequisite to any link that, while highlighting a S1 in this chaos, generates a possible order, organizes a discourse. To better understand this, let's return to the Course in General Linguistics In this compilation of lecture notes taken by compassionate disciples of Ferdinand de Saussure, the master states that he intends to establish Linguistics as a science, requiring to this end, to cut clear and precisely an object - the language - from the heteroclite, the chaotic field of language studies.
However, in one of Saussure's manuscripts about anagrams collected by Starobinski , we read the following:. People wished to base the science of Linguistics in clear language, in these manuscripts Saussure reveals how he was shocked by the fact that a clear idea has no place in Linguistics. A central notion in the Course in General Linguistics , the value would depend on the equivalence, on the fact that we can change the signifier by the signified, yet the anagrams make us run into the mistake, with that which has no place in the Linguistics of the course.
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I wonder if something like that would not have occurred to Lacan's desire to make science, for he's an author marked by Saussure's readings.
In Lituraterre , Lacan conceives the function of the letter as an erosive one and not anymore like an inscription, thus resuming a Freudian metaphor of analytic action as sculptural activity: To better understand this excerpt, it is useful to take into account what Freud will write later about Leonardo da Vinci: Sculpting is carving, a work that produces debris, as well as the analytical operation on lalingua drops remains of jouissance, produces some, traits that are not articulated, neighborhood areas in which jouissance is lost.
This is because psychoanalysis is neither literal as mathematics, a pure combinatorial of letters devoid of sense, nor strictly rhetoric, argumentative, the case of hermeneutics, which make the meaning abound. It is necessary to take a step further, to take into account the material cause: Finally, let's underline how strategic Lacan's step is when, by reading Parmenides , he undertakes this desubstancialization and fragmentation of the One: Lacan intervened personally with the authorities to obtain papers detailing her family origins, which he destroyed.
In they had a child, Judith.
She kept the name Bataille because Lacan wished to delay the announcement of his planned separation and divorce until after the war. Bion's analytic work with groups influenced Lacan, contributing to his own subsequent emphasis on study groups as a structure within which to advance theoretical work in psychoanalysis.
He published a report of his visit as 'La Psychiatrique anglaise et la guerre' Evolution psychiatrique 1, , pp. Becoming public in , Lacan's year-long seminar was highly influential in Parisian cultural life, as well as in psychoanalytic theory and clinical practice. When, at a meeting the following June, a formal motion was passed against him criticising his abandonment of the standard analytic training session for the variable-length session , he immediately resigned his presidency.
Encouraged by the reception of "the return to Freud" and of his report "The Function and Field of Speech and Language in Psychoanalysis", Lacan began to re-read Freud's works in relation to contemporary philosophy , linguistics, ethnology , biology , and topology.
From to at the Sainte-Anne Hospital, he held his Seminars and presented case histories of patients. In his seventh Seminar "The Ethics of Psychoanalysis" —60 , Lacan defined the ethical foundations of psychoanalysis and presented his "ethics for our time"—one that would, in the words of Freud, prove to be equal to the tragedy of modern man and to the "discontent of civilization". The end of psychoanalysis entails "the purification of desire". This text formed the foundation of Lacan's work for the subsequent years.
Lacan's practice with its controversial indeterminate-length sessions and his critical stance towards psychoanalytic orthodoxy led, in August , to the IPA setting the condition that registration of the SFP was dependent upon the removal of Lacan from the list of SFP analysts. Lacan began to set forth his own approach to psychoanalysis to an audience of colleagues that had joined him from the SFP. The success of the publication led to a subsequent two-volume edition in By the s, Lacan was associated, at least in the public mind, with the far left in France.
However, Lacan's unequivocal comments in on revolutionary ideals in politics draw a sharp line between the actions of some of his followers and his own style of "revolt". During this period, he developed his concepts of masculine and feminine jouissance and placed an increased emphasis on the concept of " the Real " as a point of impossible contradiction in the " Symbolic order ". His last texts from the spring of are brief institutional documents pertaining to the newly formed Freudian Field Institute.
Lacan died on 9 September Major concepts[ edit ] Return to Freud[ edit ] Lacan's "return to Freud " emphasizes a renewed attention to the original texts of Freud, and included a radical critique of ego psychology , whereas "Lacan's quarrel with Object Relations psychoanalysis"  was a more muted affair.
Here he attempted "to restore to the notion of the Object Relation Through her we know the function of the imaginary primordial enclosure formed by the imago of the mother's body",  as well as upon "the notion of the transitional object , introduced by D. The notion of dualism is maintained throughout Freud's various reformulations of the drive-theory.
From the initial opposition between sexual drives and ego-drives self-preservation to the final one between the life drives Lebenstriebe and the death drives Todestriebe. For Lacan all drives are sexual drives, and every drive is a death drive pulsion de mort since every drive is excessive, repetitive and destructive.
The drives are closely related to desire since both originate in the field of the subject. A drive is a demand that is not caught up in the dialectical mediation of desire; drive is a "mechanical" insistence that is not ensnared in demand's dialectical mediation. Building on Freud's The Psychopathology of Everyday Life , Lacan long argued that "every unsuccessful act is a successful, not to say 'well-turned', discourse", highlighting as well "sudden transformations of errors into truths, which seemed to be due to nothing more than perseverance".
Because of "the alienation to which speaking beings are subjected due to their being in language",  to survive "one must let oneself be taken in by signs and become the dupe of a discourse Lacan comes close here to one of the points where "very occasionally he sounds like Thomas Kuhn whom he never mentions ",  with Lacan's "discourse" resembling Kuhn's " paradigm " seen as "the entire constellation of beliefs, values, techniques, and so on shared by the members of a given community".
The "variable-length psychoanalytic session" was one of Lacan's crucial clinical innovations,  and a key element in his conflicts with the IPA, to whom his "innovation of reducing the fifty-minute analytic hour to a Delphic seven or eight minutes or sometimes even to a single oracular parole murmured in the waiting-room "  was unacceptable.
Lacan's variable-length sessions lasted anywhere from a few minutes or even, if deemed appropriate by the analyst, a few seconds to several hours. With respect to what he called "the cutting up of the 'timing'", Lacan asked the question, "Why make an intervention impossible at this point, which is consequently privileged in this way? At the time of his original innovation, Lacan described the issue as concerning "the systematic use of shorter sessions in certain analyses, and in particular in training analyses";  and in practice it was certainly a shortening of the session around the so-called "critical moment"  which took place, so that critics wrote that 'everyone is well aware what is meant by the deceptive phrase "variable length" It does not take a cynic to point out that Lacan was able to take on many more analysands than anyone using classical Freudian techniques Accepting the importance of "the critical moment when insight arises",  object relations theory would nonetheless quietly suggest that "if the analyst does not provide the patient with space in which nothing needs to happen there is no space in which something can happen".
A selection of the writings chosen by Lacan himself were translated by Alan Sheridan and published by Tavistock Press in Jacques-Alain Miller is the sole editor of Lacan's seminars , which contain the majority of his life's work. Since , Miller has been regularly conducting a series of lectures, "L'orientation lacanienne.
For some, "the impenetrability of Lacan's prose Though a major influence on psychoanalysis in France and parts of Latin America, Lacan's influence on clinical psychology in the English-speaking world is negligible, where his ideas are best known in the arts and humanities. However, there are Lacanian psychoanalytic societies in both North America and the United Kingdom that carry on his work. The Hidden Language of Trauma , which credit Lacanian theory for many therapeutic insights in successfully treating sexually abused young women.
In Fashionable Nonsense , Alan Sokal and Jean Bricmont criticize Lacan's use of terms from mathematical fields such as topology , accusing him of "superficial erudition" and of abusing scientific concepts that he does not understand, accusing him of producing statements that are not even wrong. Other critics have dismissed Lacan's work wholesale.
Thinkers of the New Left , and named him as the only 'fool' included in the book—his other targets merely being misguided or frauds. His type of charismatic authority has been linked to the many conflicts among his followers and in the analytic schools he was involved with. Eclectic in his use of sources,  Lacan has been seen as concealing his own thought behind the apparent explication of that of others.
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Lacan's argument is conducted on Freud's behalf and, at the same time, against him". Many feminist thinkers have drawn attention to faults in Lacan's thought.
Philosopher and psychoanalyst Luce Irigaray accuses Lacan of perpetuating phallocentric mastery in philosophical and psychoanalytic discourse. Their difficulties were only reinforced by what Didier Anzieu described as a kind of teasing lure in Lacan's discourse; "fundamental truths to be revealed.
Noam Chomsky states "quite frankly I thought he was a total charlatan. He was just posturing for the television cameras in the way many Paris intellectuals do. Selected works published in English listed below. More complete listings can be found at Lacan Dot Com. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Lacan disambiguation. Paris , France. Important figures. Important works. Schools of thought. Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis. Main article: Mirror stage. The Imaginary psychoanalysis.
The Symbolic. The Real. A Selection , transl. The First Complete Edition in English , transl.
Feminine Sexuality: My Teaching , transl. The Seminar, Book II. The Psychoses , edited by Jacques-Alain Miller, transl. The Seminar, Book V. Formations of the Unconscious , edited by Jacques-Alain Miller, transl. The Ethics of Psychoanalysis, — , ed. Transference , ed. The Seminar, Book X.
Anxiety, — , ed. The Seminar, Book XI. The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis , , ed. The Other Side of Psychoanalysis , ed. The Seminar, Book XX. The Sinthome , ed.
Joan Copjec, trans. Rosalind Krauss , Jeffrey Mehlman , et al. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. Polity Press , p. Lacan in Contexts. Psychoanalytic Accounts of Consuming Desire: Hearts of Darkness.
Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved September 28, Verso , pp. Le transfert, Paris: Seuil, Grosz writes in her Jacques Lacan: A Feminist Introduction that: In the Wake of Klein Oxford p.
A Selection London p. Book II: Routledge, , p. Book II. Book III.
Livre VIII: Le transfert, Jacques-Alain Miller Paris: Grosz, Jacques Lacan: Bodies That Matter: The Psychoses. Seminar XI: The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis. Paths between Theory and Modern Culture London: Routledge Book I: Freud's Papers on Technique — W.
A Selection translated by Bruce Fink W. Verso , p.
The Seminar: Book XI. Nichols Jr. New York: Basic Books , p. Book VII. The Ethics of Psychoanalysis, W. Livre IV. La relation d'objet, ed. Lacan's Theory of Temporality' in: Forrester, The Seductions of Psychoanalysis: Freud, Lacan and Derrida Cambridge: The Impossible Profession London p. Theory and Technique Newhaven: Harvard, , p. Snippet view available on Google Books. Archived from the original on Retrieved The success of the publication led to a subsequent two-volume edition in Sigmund Freud Abstract in English Freud began his reflections on trauma based on the etiology of neuroses and his proposal of the language device.
Suppose that I send a telegram from here to Le Mans. As it can be noticed by the sarcastic tone of the passage above quoted, it all becomes ridiculous like that. So when I use the term American theory in this limited historical sense.
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